Numeric Models

Numeric Linear Time Invariant (LTI) Models

Numeric LTI models are the basic numeric representation of linear systems or components of linear systems. Use numeric LTI models for modeling dynamic components, such as transfer functions or state-space models, whose coefficients are fixed, numeric values. You can use numeric LTI models for linear analysis or control design tasks.

The following table summarizes the available types of numeric LTI models.

Model TypeDescription
`tf`Transfer function model in polynomial form
`zpk`Transfer function model in zero-pole-gain (factorized) form
`ss`State-space model
`frd`Frequency response data model
`pid`Parallel-form PID controller
`pidstd`Standard-form PID controller
`pid2`Parallel-form two-degree-of-freedom (2-DOF) PID controller
`pidstd2`Standard-form 2-DOF PID controller

Creating Numeric LTI Models

For information about creating numeric LTI models, see:

Applications of Numeric LTI Models

You can use Numeric LTI models to represent block diagram components such as plant or sensor dynamics. By connecting Numeric LTI models together, you can derive Numeric LTI models of block diagrams. Use Numeric LTI models for most modeling, analysis, and control design tasks, including:

Identified LTI Models

Identified LTI Models represent linear systems with coefficients that are identified using measured input/output data (requires System Identification Toolbox™ software). You can specify initial values and constraints for the estimation of the coefficients.

The following table summarizes the available types of identified LTI models.

Model TypeDescription
`idtf` (System Identification Toolbox)Transfer function model in polynomial form, with identifiable parameters
`idss` (System Identification Toolbox)State-space model, with identifiable parameters
`idpoly` (System Identification Toolbox)Polynomial input-output model, with identifiable parameters
`idproc` (System Identification Toolbox)Continuous-time process model, with identifiable parameters
`idfrd` (System Identification Toolbox)Frequency-response model, with identifiable parameters
`idgrey` (System Identification Toolbox)Linear ODE (grey-box) model, with identifiable parameters

Identified Nonlinear Models

Identified Nonlinear Models represent nonlinear systems with coefficients that are identified using measured input/output data (requires System Identification Toolbox software). You can specify initial values and constraints for the estimation of the coefficients.

The following table summarizes the available types of identified nonlinear models.

Model TypeDescription
`idnlarx` (System Identification Toolbox)Nonlinear ARX model, with identifiable parameters
`idnlgrey` (System Identification Toolbox)Nonlinear ODE (grey-box) model, with identifiable parameters
`idnlhw` (System Identification Toolbox)Hammerstein-Wiener model, with identifiable parameters