## System Objects in DSP System Toolbox that Support Fixed-Point Design

### Get Information About Fixed-Point System Objects

System objects that support fixed-point data processing have fixed-point
properties. When you display the properties of a System object™, click `show all properties`

at the end of the
property list to display the fixed-point properties for that object. You can also
display the fixed-point properties for a particular object by typing
`dsp.<ObjectName>.helpFixedPoint`

at the MATLAB^{®} command line.

**DSP System Toolbox System Objects That Support Fixed Point**

Object | Description |
---|---|

Sources | |

`dsp.SignalSource` | Import a variable from the MATLAB workspace |

`dsp.SineWave` | Generate discrete sine wave |

Sinks | |

`dsp.ArrayPlot` | Display vectors or arrays |

`dsp.AudioFileWriter` | Write audio samples to audio file |

`dsp.SignalSink` | Log MATLAB simulation data |

`spectrumAnalyzer` | Display frequency spectrum of time-domain signals |

`timescope` | Display time-domain signals |

Adaptive
Filters | |

`dsp.LMSFilter` | Compute output, error, and weights using LMS adaptive algorithm |

Filter
Designs | |

`dsp.CICCompensationDecimator` | Compensate for CIC filter using a FIR decimator |

`dsp.CICCompensationInterpolator` | Compensate for CIC filter using a FIR interpolator |

`dsp.Differentiator` | Direct form FIR full band differentiator filter |

`dsp.FIRHalfbandDecimator` | Halfband decimator |

`dsp.FIRHalfbandInterpolator` | Halfband interpolator |

`dsp.HighpassFilter` | FIR or IIR highpass filter |

`dsp.LowpassFilter` | FIR or IIR lowpass filter |

Filter
Implementations | |

`dsp.AllpoleFilter` | IIR Filter with no zeros |

`dsp.BiquadFilter` | Model biquadratic IIR (SOS) filters |

`dsp.FIRFilter` | Static or time-varying FIR filter |

`dsp.IIRFilter` | Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) filter |

Multirate
Filters | |

`dsp.CICDecimator` | Decimate inputs using a Cascaded Integrator-Comb (CIC) filter |

`dsp.CICInterpolator` | Interpolate inputs using a Cascaded Integrator-Comb (CIC) filter |

`dsp.FIRDecimator` | Filter and downsample input signals |

`dsp.FIRInterpolator` | Upsample and filter input signals |

`dsp.FIRRateConverter` | Upsample, filter, and downsample input signals |

`dsp.SubbandAnalysisFilter` | Decompose signal into high-frequency and low-frequency subbands |

`dsp.SubbandSynthesisFilter` | Reconstruct a signal from high-frequency and low-frequency subbands |

Transforms | |

`dsp.FFT` | Compute fast Fourier transform (FFT) of input |

`dsp.IFFT` | Compute inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT) of input |

Signal
Operations | |

`dsp.DCBlocker` | Remove DC component |

`dsp.Delay` | Delay input by specified number of samples or frames |

`dsp.DigitalDownConverter` | Translate digital signal from Intermediate Frequency (IF) band to baseband and decimate it |

`dsp.DigitalUpConverter` | Interpolate digital signal and translate it from baseband to Intermediate Frequency (IF) band |

`dsp.FarrowRateConverter` | Polynomial sample rate converter with arbitrary conversion factor |

`dsp.NCO` | Generate real or complex sinusoidal signals |

`dsp.VariableFractionalDelay` | Delay input by time-varying fractional number of sample periods |

`dsp.VariableIntegerDelay` | Delay input by time-varying integer number of sample periods |

`dsp.ZeroCrossingDetector` | Zero crossing detector |

### Set System Object Fixed-Point Properties

Several properties affect the fixed-point data processing used by a System object. Objects perform fixed-point processing and use the current fixed-point property settings when they receive fixed-point input.

You change the values of fixed-point properties in the same way as you change any
System object property value. See Configure Components. You also use the Fixed-Point Designer™
`numerictype`

(Fixed-Point Designer) object to specify the
desired data type as fixed-point, the signedness, and the word- and
fraction-lengths. System objects support these values of
`DataTypeMode`

: `Boolean`

,
`Double`

, `Single`

, and ```
Fixed-point:
binary point scaling
```

.

In the same way as for blocks, the data type properties of many System objects can
set the appropriate word lengths and scalings automatically by using full precision.
System objects assume that the target specified on the Configuration Parameters
Hardware Implementation target is `ASIC/FPGA`

.

If you have not set the property that activates a dependent property and you
attempt to change that dependent property, a warning message displays. For example,
for the `dsp.FFT`

object, before you set
`CustomOutputDataType`

to
`numerictype(1,32,30)`

, set
`OutputDataType`

to `'Custom'`

.

**Note**

System objects do not support fixed-point word lengths greater than 128 bits.

For any System object provided in the Toolbox, the fimath settings for any fimath attached to a fi input or a fi property are ignored. Outputs from a System object never have an attached fimath.

### Full Precision for Fixed-Point System Objects

`FullPrecisionOverride`

is a convenience property that, when
you set to `true`

, automatically sets the appropriate properties
for an object to use full-precision to process fixed-point input. For System
objects, full precision, fixed-point operation refers to growing just enough
additional bits to compute the ideal full precision result. This operation has no
minimum or maximum range overflow nor any precision loss due to rounding or
underflow. It is also independent of any hardware-specific settings. The data types
chosen are based only on known data type ranges and not on actual numeric values.
Full precision for System objects does not optimize coefficient values.

When you set the `FullPrecisionOverride`

property to
`true`

, the other fixed-point properties it controls no longer
apply and any of their non-default values are ignored. These properties are also
hidden. To specify individual fixed-point properties, first set
`FullPrecisionOverride`

to `false`

.