Wavelet packet decomposition 1-D
Visualize Wavelet Packet Tree
Load a signal.
Decompose the signal at level 3 with
db1 wavelet packets using Shannon entropy.
wpt = wpdec(noisdopp,3,'db1','shannon');
Plot the wavelet packet tree.
x — Input data
real-valued numeric vector
Input data, specified as a real-valued numeric vector.
n — Decomposition level
Decomposition level, specified as a positive integer.
wname — Wavelet
character vector | string scalar
Wavelet used in the wavelet packet decomposition, specified as a character
vector or string scalar. The wavelet is from one of the following wavelet
families: Daubechies, Symlets, Fejér-Korovkin, Discrete Meyer, Biorthogonal,
and Reverse Biorthogonal. See
wfilters for the wavelets
available in each family.
etype — Entropy type
'log energy' |
Entropy type, specified as one of the following:
|'||No constraints on |
'user' option is historical and still kept for
compatibility, but it is obsoleted by the last option described in the
table above. The FunName option does the same as the
'user' option and in addition gives the
possibility to pass a parameter to your own entropy function.
p — Threshold parameter
real number | character vector | string scalar
Threshold parameter, specified by a real number, character vector, or
p and the entropy type
etype together define the entropy criterion.
Wavelet Packet Decomposition
The wavelet packet method is a generalization of wavelet decomposition that offers a richer signal analysis. Wavelet packet atoms are waveforms indexed by three naturally interpreted parameters: position and scale as in wavelet decomposition, and frequency.
For a given orthogonal wavelet function, a library of wavelet packets bases is generated. Each of these bases offers a particular way of coding signals, preserving global energy and reconstructing exact features. The wavelet packets can then be used for numerous expansions of a given signal.
Simple and efficient algorithms exist for both wavelet packets decomposition and optimal decomposition selection. Adaptive filtering algorithms with direct applications in optimal signal coding and data compression can then be produced.
In the orthogonal wavelet decomposition procedure, the generic step splits the approximation coefficients into two parts. After splitting we obtain a vector of approximation coefficients and a vector of detail coefficients, both at a coarser scale. The information lost between two successive approximations is captured in the detail coefficients. The next step consists in splitting the new approximation coefficient vector; successive details are never re-analyzed.
In the corresponding wavelet packets situation, each detail coefficient vector is also decomposed into two parts using the same approach as in approximation vector splitting. This offers the richest analysis: the complete binary tree is produced in the one-dimensional case or a quaternary tree in the two-dimensional case.
To obtain the wavelet packet transform of a 1-D multisignal, use
 Coifman, R.R., and M.V. Wickerhauser. “Entropy-Based Algorithms for Best Basis Selection.” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 38, no. 2 (March 1992): 713–18. https://doi.org/10.1109/18.119732.
 Meyer, Yves. Les ondelettes. Algorithmes et applications, Colin Ed., Paris, 2nd edition, 1994. (English translation: Wavelets: Algorithms and Applications, SIAM).
 Wickerhauser, M.V. "INRIA lectures on wavelet packet algorithms." Proceedings ondelettes et paquets d'ondes, 17–21 June 1991, Rocquencourt, France, pp. 31–99.
 Wickerhauser, Mladen Victor. Adapted Wavelet Analysis from Theory to Software. Wellesley, MA: A.K. Peters, 1994.