Can I "cast" a value class object to a handle class object on the fly

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Phillip
Phillip 2014년 11월 5일
댓글: Matt J 2014년 11월 5일
Hi
I'm relatively new to OOP. I currently have a value class object. Specifically, it's a custom date class that I'm working on. So, most of the time it makes sense to have the object as a value class.
However, there are occasions where I would want a particular instance of an object to be viewed as a handle class. Specifically in my case this could happen where I have an object that is let's say the current date. Hence if current date changes, all objects linked to that object should update. This obviously sounds like a handle class object.
So the question is, is there a way that I can use my date value class and cast a specific instance of that object as a handle.
Hope I stated that clearly.
Regards, Phillip

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Matt J
Matt J 2014년 11월 5일
편집: Matt J 2014년 11월 5일
I found a way to do it (see the attached classdef file myclass.m), but it's fancy. Basically, it uses a Dependent property called "theDate" as an interface to let you get and set data. However, the data will be sent to or drawn from a value variable or a handle variable, depending on whether the object's "type" property is set to 'handle' or 'value'.
The usage works like this,
obj1=myclass('May 1');
obj2=cast(obj1,'handle');
obj3=obj2;
This creates a value object obj1. The cast() method then creates an unshared copy obj2 of obj1. However, obj2 will now have handle semantics. So, obj2 and obj3 will be linked with each other, but neither will be linked to obj1.
>> obj3.theDate='Jan 9'; obj1, obj2,obj3
May 1
Jan 9
Jan 9
The accompanying test.m runs a more extensive script of tests.
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Phillip
Phillip 2014년 11월 5일
Now that's the type of trickery I wanted to see.
Thanks for that Matt, great suggestion. In going through all of this I came across this in the docs. Not sure how I missed it.
I'm still going through it and will provide feedback

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Phillip
Phillip 2014년 11월 5일
I'm going to give an alternative answer (I hope) to Matt's as stated in my comment:
Write your value class as normal except add the HandleCompatible property:
classdef (HandleCompatible) myvalueclass
% Code as usual
end
Now you subclass the myvalueclass as follows:
classdef myhandleclass < myvalueclass & handle
% No code
end
This way you inherit everything from your value class but you do not need to maintain two classes.
I guess if you only want to have one class, you can create a superclass that at construction gets defined as value or handle and then just subclass it in the superclass constructor.
I'm new at this so please correct if I'm wrong or someone has deeper insight into this.
Also please accept this answer if it is correct.
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Matt J
Matt J 2014년 11월 5일
Nice. I wasn't aware of that feature.

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Matt J
Matt J 2014년 11월 5일
편집: Matt J 2014년 11월 5일
You would use a converter method, I think
I don't think you can avoid writing a second class that is a handle version of the original class, if that's what you're asking.
Are you sure it makes sense to have a value class version in the first place? I didn't follow your explanation of that. What if you made it a handle class to begin with and then had a class method unshare() to make unlinked copies when you need them?
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Phillip
Phillip 2014년 11월 5일
Hi Matt
Thanks for the response.
Regarding the question about why it's a value class in the first place. Most of the date objects will just be dates specific to objects. Ie the way I will be using them, it would be dangerous to have a handle class since i could inadvertently change a date (or assign a duplicate variable name) without intending to.
Another issue is that you can't see the "proper" size of a handle object. Some of my objects will have a large set of dates.
Final reason: Matlab's new datetime object is a value class. And those okes know what they are doing unlike me :)
As for the converter, on face va;ie, it doesn't seem to support the change of value to handle, leaving me to think that you are right in saying I would need to write a "duplicate" object. But I will look into it further
I was hoping there is some neat trickery to change an object from value to handle.

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