Main Content

State Control

Specify synchronous reset and enable behavior for blocks with state

Library

HDL Coder™ / HDL Subsystems

  • State Control block

Description

Use the State Control block to toggle subsystem behavior between the default Simulink® simulation behavior and the synchronous hardware simulation behavior.

  • For default Simulink simulation behavior, set State control to Classic. The simulation behavior in Classic mode is the same as when you do not use the State Control block inside the subsystem.

  • For synchronous hardware simulation behavior, set State control to Synchronous. The State Control block in Synchronous mode improves the HDL simulation behavior of blocks with state, or blocks that have reset or enable ports. When use the Synchronous mode of the block, the generated HDL code uses fewer hardware resources and the Simulink simulation behavior closely matches that of the digital hardware.

See Synchronous Subsystem Behavior with the State Control Block.

Parameters

State control

Specify whether to use synchronous or classic semantics. The default is Synchronous.

Limitations

Subsystem-level Limitations

  • Conditional subsystems using classic semantics cannot have subsystems with synchronous semantics inside them.

  • You cannot flatten a synchronous subsystem up into a classic system.

  • Conditional subsystems must be single rate when you use the State Control block in synchronous mode.

  • Synchronous Enabled Subsystem cannot contain reset subsystems or a reset parameter port. For example, you cannot have a Delay block with an external reset port inside the subsystem.

  • All action subsystems connected to If and Switch Case blocks must have the same semantics, either classic or synchronous.

  • These blocks are not supported in synchronous mode:

Model-Level Limitations

  • Variable-size signals are not supported with synchronous semantics.

  • Synchronous semantics do not propagate across model boundaries. If your parent model has synchronous semantics, any referenced model must have synchronous semantics explicitly specified. At the root level of each referenced model, add a State Control block with the State control parameter set to Synchronous.

Supported Block Modes

The following restrictions apply to blocks in synchronous mode:

  • Delay block: When you have an external reset port, set the External reset to Level hold.

  • The method ssSetStateSemanticsClassicAndSynchronous must be set to true.

  • Stateflow® Chart (Stateflow): Set the State Machine Type to Moore.

  • MATLAB Function block:

    • You cannot have System Objects inside the MATLAB Function block.

    • If you use nondirect feedthrough in a MATLAB Function block, do not program the outputs to rely on inputs or updated persistent variables. The MATLAB Function block must drive the outputs from persistent variables.

      To use nondirect feedthrough, in the Ports and Data Manager, clear the Allow direct feedthrough check box. See Use Nondirect Feedthrough in a MATLAB Function Block.

Unsupported Blocks

The following blocks are not allowed in synchronous mode:

  • The set of unit delay blocks in the Additional Math & Discrete > Additional Discrete sublibrary in Simulink, such as the Unit Delay Resettable and Unit Delay External IC blocks

  • Simulink blocks with Input processing set to Columns as channels (frame based), where this parameter applies.

  • Continuous time blocks and blocks with continuous rate

  • Discrete-Time Integrator with reset port

  • From Workspace

  • Trigger

  • LMS Filter

  • HDL Minimum Resource FFT

  • DC Blocker

  • PN Sequence Generator

  • Convolutional Interleaver and Convolutional Deinterleaver

  • General Multiplexed Interleaver and General Multiplexed Deinterleaver

  • Convolutional Encoder and Viterbi Decoder

  • Sample and Hold

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using Simulink® Coder™.

Introduced in R2016a