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How can I determine if a directory is on the MATLAB path programmatically?

조회 수: 193 (최근 30일)
Robert Moss
Robert Moss 2013년 9월 9일
편집: Jan 2021년 7월 20일
I want to be able to programmatically determine if an arbitrary directory is on the MATLAB path. I want to do this because the publish command will complain if you give it a file name that is not on the path. Is there a clever way to determine if a directory is on the MATLAB path without having to parse the path myself?

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Jan
Jan 2013년 9월 10일
편집: Jan 2021년 7월 20일
pathCell = regexp(path, pathsep, 'split');
if ispc % Windows is not case-sensitive
onPath = any(strcmpi(Folder, pathCell));
else
onPath = any(strcmp(Folder, pathCell));
end
[EDITED] A faster version - beside the faster strsplit since Matlab R2013a:
s = pathsep;
pathStr = [s, path, s];
onPath = contains(pathStr, [s, Folder, s], 'IgnoreCase', ispc);
  댓글 수: 6
Sean de Wolski
Sean de Wolski 2013년 9월 10일
This is correct @Robert. So why not add the parent path blindly? This is what you're checking anyway right?
Chris Eguires
Chris Eguires 2021년 7월 20일
For slightly more speed, you can just use strsplit(path,pathsep). Shouldnt make a big difference, but if you have thousands of paths, maybe a fraction of a second...

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추가 답변 (5개)

Arthur
Arthur 2013년 9월 9일
exist('dirname','dir')
Returns 7 if the dir is on your path, 0 if not.
  댓글 수: 3
Thomas
Thomas 2013년 9월 9일
Not sure this is correct. It will return 7 if the directory exists and 0 if the directory does not..
I do not think it has to do with the directory being on the path or not.
Arthur
Arthur 2013년 9월 9일
Ah yes you're right. I thought it check if it's on the searchpath, but it doesn't.

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Sean de Wolski
Sean de Wolski 2013년 9월 9일
편집: Sean de Wolski 2013년 9월 9일
Parsing the path isn't so bad!
This seems like a simple check:
if ispc
% Windows is not case-sensitive
onPath = ~isempty(strfind(lower(path),lower('H:\Documents\MATLAB;')))
else
onPath = ~isempty(strfind(path,'H:\Documents\MATLAB;'))
end
Of course for your use-case it's not too much work to just add the folder in question to the path regardless, addpath takes care of redundancy:
addpath H:\documents\MATLAB
addpath H:\documents\MATLAB
addpath H:\documents\MATLAB
addpath H:\documents\MATLAB
addpath H:\documents\MATLAB
clc
path
  댓글 수: 2
Jan
Jan 2013년 9월 10일
Instead of relying on the semicolon as a separator, using the command pathsep is more flexible because it considers the OS-specific separator automatically:
onPath = ~isempty(strfind(path, ['H:\Documents\MATLAB', pathsep]))

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Brett
Brett 2016년 6월 14일
편집: Brett 2016년 6월 14일
This made the most sense to me...
ismember(some_path, strsplit(path, pathsep))
These days I'm more familiar with Python than Matlab, so I'm sorta doing the Matlab equivalent of something like "file in pathstr.split(';')". I assume that checking membership is cheaper than searching... this logic may not be true for Matlab cell arrays, I'm not sure. My next assumption was that strsplit should always be preferred if your pattern is a known constant expression (vs. using regex for simple splitting which is an expensive operation). This avoids all the pitfalls of string matching, like false positives of "C:\some_path" being accidentally found inside "C:\some_path\sub_path\subsub\".

Azzi Abdelmalek
Azzi Abdelmalek 2013년 9월 9일
isdir('your_folder_name')
  댓글 수: 1
Adam Danz
Adam Danz 2020년 8월 16일
isdir() or the newer isfolder() returns true if the input is a directory whether it's on-path or not (for full paths).

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Image Analyst
Image Analyst 2013년 9월 9일
편집: Image Analyst 2013년 9월 9일
Why can't you just give it the full filename? Use
fullFileName = fullfile(folder, baseFilename);
I mean, you already have the folder because you were going to use that to try to figure out if it was on the search path. But instead of doing that, just construct the full filename like I showed you above.
Alternatively, just try to open the file and check if the file ID indicates it didn't find it.
fid = fopen(baseFileName); % Don't use folder or full file name.
if fid == -1 .... etc.

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