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how to refer variable from string name

조회 수: 2(최근 30일)
Yelena Bibineyshvili
Yelena Bibineyshvili 2021년 5월 18일
댓글: Stephen Cobeldick 2021년 5월 19일
I have an array of string names for variables I need to use, and variables with such names in workspace. How should I refer? for example I need to find mean for variables with names 'm1_n' 'm3_n' specified in array A. The names will be different all the time -- I cant just write mean(m1_n) I need to do it through A and indexing, but in A names are strings.
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Stephen Cobeldick
Stephen Cobeldick 2021년 5월 19일
"yes they are created by other script"
The best** solution is to fix that other script so that it does not store meta-data (e.g. indices) in variable names.
** best in the sense more efficient (run-time, programming time, debugging time, maintenance time), easier to understand (simpler code, no obfuscation, clear where data comes from), easier to debug (variable highlighting, static code checking, mlint checking), etc.

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채택된 답변

Jeff Miller
Jeff Miller 2021년 5월 19일
편집: Jeff Miller 2021년 5월 19일
This is pretty clumsy, but I think something like this will do what you want:
varnames = {'m1_n', 'm3_n'}; % names of the variables you want to process
save('temp.mat'); % save all workspace variables into a temporary mat file
g = load('temp.mat'); % load all variables into a "global" structure
x = mean(g.(varnames{1})); % get the mean of the first named variable
y = max(g.(varnames{2})); % get the mean of the second named variable
The keys are that (1) the load command makes a structure g with fields corresponding to the names of the original workspace vars, and (2) the syntax g.(s) picks out the field named by the string s.
Don't forget to delete temp.mat.
  댓글 수: 1
Yelena Bibineyshvili
Yelena Bibineyshvili 2021년 5월 19일
thank you, this works

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추가 답변(1개)

Steven Lord
Steven Lord 2021년 5월 18일
Can you do this? Yes.
Should you do this? The general consensus is no.
Rather than defining variables with numbered names, consider putting them in an array.
x1 = 1:5;
x2 = x1 + 5;
x3 = x1 + 10;
% or
xmat = [x1; x2; x3];
To iterate through x1, x2, and x3 I'd need to use the discouraged approach. To iterate through the rows of xmat is easy.
for k = 1:size(xmat, 1) % or 1:height(xmat)
y = xmat(k, :)
% Do something with y
y = 1×5
1 2 3 4 5
y = 1×5
6 7 8 9 10
y = 1×5
11 12 13 14 15
  댓글 수: 4
Yelena Bibineyshvili
Yelena Bibineyshvili 2021년 5월 18일
I already have variables and I want to avoid making another array from variables, here you write x=magic or random, but in my program I first will need to make that array from my varibles which have different names for each subject and different days. I need to know how to use variable with name specified in string.

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