How do I replace words in the text file?

조회 수: 2(최근 30일)
Minhao Wang
Minhao Wang 2020년 11월 20일
답변: Prabhanjan Mentla 2020년 11월 24일
function [] = Assign5()
clc;clear
readstring = read_form();
[tag,replacement] = read_sub_tag();
newstring = replace_tags(readstring,tag,replacement);
create_output(newstring)
end
function readstring = read_form()
fname = fopen('form.txt','r');
readstring = [];
while ~feof(fname)
sline = fgets(fname);
readstring = strcat(readstring,sline);
readstring = lower(readstring);
end
fclose(fname);
end
function [tag,replacement] = read_sub_tag()
tag = [];
replacement = [];
fname = fopen('sub.txt','r');
[tag,replacement] = strtok(fgets(fname));
tag = lower(tag);
replacement = strtrim(replacement);
fclose(fname);
end
function newstring = replace_tags(readstring,tag,replacement)
newstring = [];
occurence = strfind(readstring,tag);
end
function create_output(newstring)
fname = fopen('Tongue_Twister.txt','wt');
fprintf(fname,newstring);
fclose(fname);
end
The third subfunction should replace '[what?]' in form.txt to sub.txt 'thought', what code should I enter to achieve this function? And I want it to be line up like lab5demo.txt ...
Please someone helps me out!

답변(1개)

Prabhanjan Mentla
Prabhanjan Mentla 2020년 11월 24일
Hi,
The naive approach would be to convert everything to lowercase and then replace, but the problem is in the obtained output file as every word is lowercase which is not expected with actual output (Lab5Demo.txt).
Here’s the sample code (specific to this example) that does the same job without converting into lowercase.
function [] = Assign5()
clc;clear
[tag,replacement] = read_sub_tag();
create_output(replacement);
end
function [tag,replacement] = read_sub_tag()
tag = [];
replacement = [];
fname = fopen('sub.txt','r');
[tag,replacement] = strtok(fgets(fname));
tag = lower(tag);
replacement = strtrim(replacement);
fclose(fname);
end
functioncreate_output(replacement)
Original_File = fopen('form.txt','r') ;
Modified_File = fopen('Lab5Demo.txt','w');
while ( ~feof(Original_File) )
str = fgets(Original_File);
% Compare what with any of {what,WHAT,What,......} by making case insensitive(?i)
match = regexp(str, '(?i)what(?-i)') ;
i = length(match);
while (~isempty(match) && i>0)
% In this example to replace [what?] with thought with help of indexes.
newStr = replaceBetween(str,match(i)-1,match(i)-1+6,replacement);
str = newStr;
i=i-1;
end
fprintf(Modified_File,newStr) ;
end
fclose(Original_File);
fclose(Modified_File);
end
I hardcoded the tag string to get it done as this is just a sample code. You can try making this a generalized one with the help of regex. You can also use regexprep once you’re comfortable with regex and get the whole line at once without looping for each match.
Hope this helps.

태그

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by