while loop not ending, juz stopped at i = 3

조회 수: 1(최근 30일)
Yu Zhi
Yu Zhi 2020년 5월 15일
댓글: Yu Zhi 2020년 5월 15일
Hi, I am new to Matlab.
I wrote a below script to get the vector fwd = [3 8]. If I put breakpoints I could see the fwd I want. but the code never ended.
Could anyone please point out the mistake? thanks in advance!
clc; clear; close all
a = [1 2 3 4 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 9 8 7 6 7 8 9 8 7 5 4 3 2 4 5 3 2 1];
start = min(a)+2;
ed = max(a) -2;
m = length(a);
f = 1;
i = 2;
while i < m
if a(i) >= start && a(i-1) <= start && a(i+1) > a(i)
fwd(f,1) = a(i);
for j = i+1:m-1
if a(j+1) > ed && a(j+2) >= a(j+1) && a(j) < a(j+1)
fwd(f,2) = a(j);
end
end
else
i = i+1;
end
end

답변(1개)

Bjarke Skogstad Larsen
Bjarke Skogstad Larsen 2020년 5월 15일
편집: Bjarke Skogstad Larsen 2020년 5월 15일
In your code, once the following is true, it is always true, since you don't modify any of the variables inside the 'if'
if a(i) >= start && a(i-1) <= start && a(i+1) > a(i)
Thus, your variables i and m stay the same after this point, and you get stuck in an infinite loop.
Maybe you intended i to increase after each iteration regardless of the 'if'?
In this case, the following should work, though it doesn't result in the result you say is correct: [3 8]
while i < m
if a(i) >= start && a(i-1) <= start && a(i+1) > a(i)
fwd(f,1) = a(i);
for j = i+1:m-1
if a(j+1) > ed && a(j+2) >= a(j+1) && a(j) < a(j+1)
fwd(f,2) = a(j);
end
end
end
i = i+1;
end
It's difficult to get any closer to solving this without any explanation of what your code is supposed to do.
  댓글 수: 1
Yu Zhi
Yu Zhi 2020년 5월 15일
Thank you. I revised my code based on your advice. now it's solved.
clc; clear; close all
a = [1 2 3 4 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 9 8 7 6 7 8 9 8 7 5 4 3 2 4 5 3 2 1];
start = min(a)+2;
ed = max(a) -2;
m = length(a);
f = 1; r = 1;
i = 2;
while i < m
if a(i) >= start && a(i-1) <= start && a(i+1) > a(i)
fwd(f,1) = a(i);
for j = i+1:m-1
if a(j+1) > ed && a(j+2) >= a(j+1) && a(j) < a(j+1)
fwd(f,2) = a(j);
end
end
i=j+1;
else
i = i+1;
end
end

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