# Colormap for multline plot

조회 수: 359(최근 30일)
Matt 2020년 2월 25일
댓글: Walter Roberson 2021년 5월 31일
How do I change the colormap of a multiline plot and have it change the colors of the existing lines? I am using Matlab 2018b. Here is a simple example.
x = rand(10,1000);
t = 0:999;
plot(t, x)
colormap winter
colormap white
colormap flag
fh = gcf;
fh.Colormap = colormap('flag');
fh.Children(1).Colormap = colormap('flag');
For me, the colors of the lines do not change. The following also did not work, the lines are plotted using the "default" color scheme.
fh2 = figure;
fh2.Colormap = colormap('flag');
ax = axes(fh);
ax = axes(fh2);
ax.Colormap = colormap('flag');
plot(ax, t, x)
Invoking "colorbar" shows a colorbar using the desired colormap. Using colormap with surf(peaks) does change the color of that plot. How do I change the colormap of a 2D multiline plot?

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### 채택된 답변

"A colormap is matrix of values between 0 and 1 that define the colors for graphics objects such as surface, image, and patch objects. MATLAB® draws the objects by mapping data values to colors in the colormap." from https://in.mathworks.com/help/matlab/ref/colormap.html
But you are trying to apply colormap to line data instead of surface, image, patch data objects.

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### 추가 답변(2개)

Sindar 2020년 2월 25일
편집: Sindar 2020년 2월 25일
I believe this should work:
mylines = plot(t, x);
set(mylines,{'Color'},flag(length(mylines)))
For 2019b+, colororder is the function that controls this. I think the way you'd pass a colormap is
colororder(flag)
but you might need
colororder(flag(100))
##### 댓글 수: 4표시숨기기 이전 댓글 수: 3
Walter Roberson 2021년 5월 31일
mylines = plot(t, x);
set(mylines,{'Color'}, num2cell(flag(length(mylines)),2))
when you use a cell array of parameter names, like {'Color'}, then you need a cell array of values to set.
This is an appropriate way to set the entries to different colors.
If you were to try
set(mylines, 'Color', something)
then that would be attempting to set the Color parameter of all the entries in mylines to the same value stored in something -- for example, 'Color', 'g' to set them all to green.

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Walter Roberson 2020년 2월 25일
line() colors are not affected by the colormap, ever. They are affected by the axes ColorOrder property.
In the release you are using, changing the ColorOrder property never affects lines that have already been drawn: you have to set the Color property of each of the line() objects that already exists.
Starting in r2019b, there is a new colororder() function that can set the axes ColorOrder property. As well, by default changing the ColorOrder will affect lines that have already been drawn. (I do not recall at the moment how to turn that off)
##### 댓글 수: 1표시숨기기 없음
Matt 2020년 2월 25일
Looks like another reason to roll to the newer release. After reading the documentation tagged to the functions you mention I saw this wonderful statement "Changing the order has no effect on existing plots. However, many graphics functions reset the color order back to the default value before plotting."

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