MATLAB Crashes when Using Conda Environment Other than Base

조회 수: 206 (최근 30일)
Peter Cook
Peter Cook 2019년 2월 6일
댓글: JB676 2024년 4월 1일 22:27
I am having trouble using a custom conda environment in MATLAB. Here's the code I use to bootstrap a conda environment with a few packages I need from from the web:
% bootstrap a miniconda installation & python 35 environment
% choose a miniconda version,
% !!! avoid version 4.5.12 due to openSSL DLL hell !!!
condaUrl = '';
s = webread(condaUrl, weboptions('ContentType','text'));
v = unique(strcat('Miniconda3',regexp(s,'(?<=>Miniconda3)[^<>]*x86_64\.exe','match')));
vn = regexp(v,'(?<=3-)(\d*\.\d*\.\d*)','match');
verMask = cellfun(@isempty, vn);
v(verMask) = [];
vn(verMask) = [];
whichVer = listdlg('ListString',v,...
'PromptString','Select Miniconda Version',...
if isempty(whichVer)
% use the latest and greatest
urlString = '';
% use selected ver
urlString = strcat(condaUrl, v{whichVer});
fprintf('Downloading Miniconda3 Installer\n');
targetDir = websave('miniconda3.exe', urlString);
fprintf('Miniconda3 Download Complete\n');
fprintf('Installing Miniconda3\n');
disp('start /wait "" miniconda3.exe /InstallationType=JustMe /RegisterPython=0 /S /D=%UserProfile%\Miniconda')
!start /wait "" miniconda3.exe /InstallationType=JustMe /RegisterPython=0 /S /D=%UserProfile%\Miniconda
fprintf('Miniconda3 Installation Complete\n');
% build a custom conda environment for MATLAB
pyver = 3.5;
myenv = sprintf('myenv%0.0f', pyver*10);
condaCmdPath = fullfile(getenv('USERPROFILE'),'Miniconda\Scripts\activate.bat');
minicondaRoot = fullfile(getenv('USERPROFILE'),'Miniconda');
myenvRoot = fullfile(minicondaRoot, 'envs', myenv);
matlabPythonRoot = fullfile(matlabroot, 'extern', 'engines', 'python');
% write a bat file to run in condaprompt
fptr = fopen('condaSetup.bat','w');
fprintf(fptr, 'CALL %c%s%c %c%s%c\r\n', 34, condaCmdPath, 34, 34, minicondaRoot, 34);
% fprintf(fptr, '%ccomspec%c /k %c%c%s%c %c%s%c%c\r\n', 37, 37, 34, 34, condaCmdPath, 34, 34, minicondaRoot, 34, 34);
fprintf(fptr, 'CALL conda config --add channels conda-forge\r\n');
fprintf(fptr, 'CALL conda config --set proxy_servers.http http://np1prxy801:80\r\n');
fprintf(fptr, 'CALL conda config --set proxy_servers.https https://np1prxy801:80\r\n');
fprintf(fptr, 'CALL conda create -v -y -n %s python=%0.1f numpy scipy scikit-learn sklearn-contrib-py-earth\r\n', myenv, pyver);
fprintf(fptr, 'CALL conda activate %s\r\n', myenv);
fprintf(fptr, 'cd %s\r\n', matlabPythonRoot);
fprintf(fptr, 'python build -b %s install\r\n', myenvRoot);
% run "makefile"
% delete the bat file
delete 'condaSetup.bat'
% add this python environment to startup.m by appending these two lines:
% !%comspec% /c ""C:\Users\HB69954\Miniconda\Scripts\activate.bat" "C:\Users\HB69954\Miniconda\envs\myenv35""
% pyversion c:\users\hb69954\miniconda\envs\myenv35\python.exe
w = which('startup.m');
fptr = fopen(w,'r');
s = fread(fptr, inf, 'uint8=>char')';
activatePyString = '!%comspec% /c ""C:\Users\HB69954\Miniconda\Scripts\activate.bat" "C:\Users\HB69954\Miniconda\envs\myenv35""';
swapPyVersionString = 'pyversion c:\users\hb69954\miniconda\envs\myenv35\python.exe';
fptr = fopen(w,'w');
fprintf(fptr,'%s\r\n%s\r\n%s\r\n', s, activatePyString, swapPyVersionString);
This script downloads Miniconda3, installs it, and creates a conda virtual environment called myenv35.
By default, MATLAB chooses my base environment as the python version:
>> pyversion
version: '3.7'
executable: 'C:\Users\HB69954\Miniconda\python.exe'
library: 'C:\Users\HB69954\Miniconda\python37.dll'
home: 'C:\Users\HB69954\Miniconda'
isloaded: 1
I added these two lines to startup.m to load this python environment instead of the base environment:
!%comspec% /c ""C:\Users\HB69954\Miniconda\Scripts\activate.bat" "C:\Users\HB69954\Miniconda\envs\myenv35""
pyversion c:\users\hb69954\miniconda\envs\myenv35\python.exe
This apparently loads in MATLAB,
>> pyversion
version: '3.5'
executable: 'c:\users\hb69954\miniconda\envs\myenv35\python.exe'
library: 'c:\users\hb69954\miniconda\envs\myenv35\python35.dll'
home: 'c:\users\hb69954\miniconda\envs\myenv35'
isloaded: 0
I can use python standard library functions in this environment, i.e.
>> myList = py.list([1,2,3,0,8,9,7])
myList =
Python list with no properties.
[1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 0.0, 8.0, 9.0, 7.0]
>> myList.sort()
>> myList
myList =
Python list with no properties.
[0.0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 7.0, 8.0, 9.0]
But MATLAB crashes whenever I try to use a library that installed in the virtual environment (i.e. numpy), MATLAB closes without issuing an error or warning.
x = py.numpy.array([1,2,3])
taskmgr doesn't show matlab.exe running in the background, and no crash dump files are created in %USERPROFILE%\AppData\Local\Temp, leading me to believe its not a real crash as much as some file/function is issuing an exit/close command to matlab.exe.
  1. Are python/conda environments supported in MATLAB? I can't think of a reason why they wouldn't be, but I haven't seen any official support documentation for them either.
  2. Could this be related to me installing MATLAB Engine for Python in the same virtual environment?
  3. Is there any other reason why swapping the python environment could be causing MATLAB to crash while running environment packages?

답변 (3개)

Julian Hapke
Julian Hapke 2019년 3월 19일
편집: Walter Roberson 2021년 12월 20일
Try this:
load your environment in a seperate promt, have a look at the path variable (assuming windows here)
echo %PATH%
unload the environment (back to base), look at the %PATH% again and find out the differences. There should be some paths from the custom evironment added to the path variable.
Add those path inside matlab, for example with:
pyExec = 'C:\software\miniconda3\envs\mlpy\python.exe';
pyRoot = fileparts(pyExec);
p = getenv('PATH');
p = strsplit(p, ';');
addToPath = {
fullfile(pyRoot, 'Library', 'mingw-w64', 'bin')
fullfile(pyRoot, 'Library', 'usr', 'bin')
fullfile(pyRoot, 'Library', 'bin')
fullfile(pyRoot, 'Scripts')
fullfile(pyRoot, 'bin')
p = [addToPath(:); p(:)];
p = unique(p, 'stable');
p = strjoin(p, ';');
setenv('PATH', p);
after that MATLAB should be able to use packages from that conda environment.
  댓글 수: 5
Seth Wagenman
Seth Wagenman 2020년 8월 24일
The only way to make sure this works is to run a Python script importing a library/module not in the base conda environment. But it definitely works!
JB676 2024년 4월 1일 22:27
Wow, what a great pickup. I had conda-installed numpy, and it was crashing. Changing that to a pip-install, allows it to run. Never would have guessed to check that.

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Seth Wagenman
Seth Wagenman 2020년 8월 28일
편집: Seth Wagenman 2020년 8월 31일
For a conda environment named "useFromMATLAB", the following code works in Windows 10/Anaconda 3. Note that if you are debugging Python at the same time, and making changes to "some_awesome_python_module," you have to reload it every time (code below starting with clear classes is how to do that).
py_root_useFromMATLAB = fileparts(C:\anaconda_3\envs\useFromMATLAB\_conda.exe);
ENV = getenv('PATH');
ENV = strsplit(ENV, ';');
items_to_add_to_path = {
fullfile(py_root_useFromMATLAB, 'Library', 'mingw-w64', 'bin')
fullfile(py_root_useFromMATLAB, 'Library', 'usr', 'bin')
fullfile(py_root_useFromMATLAB, 'Library', 'bin')
fullfile(py_root_useFromMATLAB, 'Scripts')
ENV = [items_to_add_to_path(:); ENV(:)];
ENV = unique(ENV, 'stable');
ENV = strjoin(ENV, ';');
setenv('PATH', ENV);
clear classes
module_to_load = 'some_awesome_python_module';
python_module_to_use = py.importlib.import_module(module_to_load);
% Now you can use it like output = py.some_awesome_python_module.some_awesome_python_function(input)
  댓글 수: 1
Seth Wagenman
Seth Wagenman 2020년 8월 28일

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Tucker Downs
Tucker Downs 2021년 12월 20일
편집: Tucker Downs 2021년 12월 20일
The obvious feature / solution would be for Mathworks to just respect the user environment when people want to call a python script from matlab. Getting a simple script to run with my anaconda environment should not require such work arounds when I can open VSCode or terminal and run the exact same script in less than 10 secconds.
Extremely dissapointed in this right now, as much as I love Matlab it's shit like this that makes me want to leave the platform and go full time python. Even with the pain of losing MW support and documentation. The core features are just not keeping up with other development stratagies.
  댓글 수: 5
Tucker Downs
Tucker Downs 2021년 12월 20일
Hi @Walter Roberson thanks for your insightful comment.
It will be interesting to see how that affects vscode. I'm going to guess that I'll see the same functionality in code as I always have, in which case there won't really an excuse for a code development product like MATLAB desktop.
Majid Khalili
Majid Khalili 2022년 10월 17일
편집: Majid Khalili 2022년 10월 17일
@Tucker Downs did you manage to make it work for activating an envirioment from anaconda in Matlab?

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