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How do I perform a linear least squares fit

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Alexander MacFarlane IV
Alexander MacFarlane IV 2018년 12월 21일
편집: Tamas Kis 2021년 7월 26일
Hello.
I would like to perform a linear least squares fit to 3 data points.
The help files are very confusing, to the point where i can't figure out whether this is a base function of Matlab, I need the curve fitting toolbox, optimization toolbox, or both.
Thanks,
Alex

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Star Strider
Star Strider 2018년 12월 21일
You don’t need any toolboxes. Use polyfit (link) and polyval functions, or the mldivide (link) operator.

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Image Analyst
Image Analyst 2018년 12월 21일
편집: Image Analyst 2018년 12월 21일
See attached polyfit demo. Adapt as needed. All you need is base MATLAB - no toolboxes.
For example
coefficients = polyfit(x, y, 1);
yFitted = polyval(coefficients, x); % yFitted will be at the 3 points where x is. There will be 3 yFitted values.
If you want a lot more points, you can pass in more x to polyval():
xFit = linspace(min(x), max(x), 1000); % 1000 points.
yFitted = polyval(coefficients, xFit);
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Alexander MacFarlane IV
Alexander MacFarlane IV 2018년 12월 21일
Thanks Star Strider and Image Analyst!
You guys are amazingly fast.

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Tamas Kis
Tamas Kis 2021년 7월 25일
편집: Tamas Kis 2021년 7월 26일
Function to perform curve fitting using linear least squares:
Linear and polynomial fits are linear least square fits, while the other fits (power, exponential, logarithmic) are approximated by first linearizing the data.

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