Empty array of class objects from string name of class

조회 수: 16(최근 30일)
SK
SK 2018년 8월 17일
편집: SK 2018년 8월 18일
If I have a class called SomeClass, I can create an empty array of SomeClass using:
arr = SomeClass.empty
Is there a way to create an empty array if I only have the character string "SomeClass".
  댓글 수: 5
SK
SK 2018년 8월 18일
편집: SK 2018년 8월 18일
This is very true. Often, one can find a cleaner solution without dynamic types, variable names and so on.
Thank you for your comment. I had a slightly tricky problem involving construction of nested objects, and I realized that it would be easier to let the user call the constructor using a list of empty objects rather than a list of strings.
Update: FAIL! See my answer below.

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답변(3개)

Guillaume
Guillaume 2018년 8월 18일
"Those familiar with Matlab will know that this will not work"
This.elements(end+1) = obj;
Indeed, but the semantically equivalent
This.element = [This.element, obj];
will. No need to test for emptiness.
  댓글 수: 1
SK
SK 2018년 8월 18일
편집: SK 2018년 8월 18일
Aah, I didn't know that (or at least didn't think of it, given that I've probably used that "feature" implicitly many times) - resulting in another time-consuming circular walk in woods. Thanks.

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Image Analyst
Image Analyst 2018년 8월 17일
Doing this - making variables named from strings - is a bad idea. I mean, just how would you refer to that variable later? How would you use it if you don't know the variable name before run-time? See this link
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SK
SK 2018년 8월 18일
편집: SK 2018년 8월 18일
OK, so it turns out, that I cannot do what I wanted to accomplish. The original problem arose from my not wanting to write an extra (ugly) four lines of code.
Suppose I have a container class:
class Container
properties
elements;
end
methods
function This = Container()
end
function This = push(This, obj)
This.elements(end+1) = obj;
end
end
end
Those familiar with Matlab will know that this will not work, as Matlab initializes "elements" to an empty "double" type and I cannot push another object into that array. Of course the problem is easily solved by rewriting push as:
This = push(This, obj)
if isempty(This.elements)
This.elements = obj;
else
This.elements(end+1) = obj;
end
end
But this grated on the senses, so I thought, why not indicate the type of "elements", in the constructor, like:
function This = Container(typename_string)
This.elements = eval([typename_string, '.empty']);
end
or:
function This = Container(empty_array_of_desired_type)
This.elements = empty_array_of_desired_type;
end
Which is a nice solution allowing me to write the push method cleanly. The problem arises when "element" objects can also be containers (of a different type in the same hierarchy) and the elements of "elements" can also be containers - in other words there could be a certain amount of nesting. There is no way to provide all the right empty types to all levels without using eval() to dynamically create empty arrays of the right type, and even then it gets ugly with all the checking.
Conclusion: Bite the bullet and tolerate a little ugliness in the push method.

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