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Transparent PNG file on background in Matlab GUI

조회 수: 13 (최근 30일)
Frank
Frank 2012년 6월 5일
댓글: Serge 2022년 11월 6일
Hello,
For my GUI i have set a background image and now I want to put a (partly) transparent PNG image on a pushbutton on top of this background image, while keeping the background visible in the parts where the button image is transparent. How do I do this?
Thanks in advance!

답변 (3개)

Robert Cumming
Robert Cumming 2014년 12월 12일
I know this is an old post - but if anyone comes across this you may be interested in this blog on undocumentedmatlab

Klont
Klont 2015년 7월 26일
편집: Klont 2015년 7월 26일
Simply make a matrix of size height (pixels) x width (pixels) x 3 (rgb) of doubles between 0 and 1, with NaN indicating transparency.
  댓글 수: 1
Serge
Serge 2022년 11월 6일
This works if you are happy with alpha being all or nothing...

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Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2012년 6월 5일
You cannot do this directly. The uicontrol() that can have images placed on them (such as pushbutton) have a CData property that must be truecolor (RGB) values, but there is no alpha property, so there is no way to define transparency for such images.
The work-around is to figure out which part of the background image the button would be covering up, and to store the corresponding pixel values into the image array locations that should be transparent, and then to use that as the CData.
Ideally you would re-do this when the figure was resized; that would have to be triggered off of the figure resize callback, as uicontrol do not have a resize callback.
  댓글 수: 2
Frank
Frank 2012년 6월 6일
Thanks for the tip!
I tried the following code:
bg_image=imread('bg.png'); %background
pos_button=[500,500];
[button,button_map]=imread('button.png.'); %button image
[w,l,d]=size(button);
bg_button=bg_image(500:500+w,500:500+l); % part of background that is behind button
button = uicontrol('style','pushbutton','position',[pos_button,[w,l]]);
button_image=button;
for i=1:w
for j=1:l
for k=1:d
if button_image(i,j,k)==255 % places where background should be seen
button_image(i,j,k)=bg_button(i,j,k); %replace with background values
end
end
end
end
button_image_RGB=ind2RGB(button_image,button_off_map);
set(button,'cdata',button_image_RGB);
This works, but the colors of the background are not the colors they should be, but grey.
Any ideas why?
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2012년 6월 6일
I suspect bg_image is 3 dimensional (truecolor, RGB) rather than 2 dimensional. You probably need to add a third index when extracting bg_button

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