How to determine fraction as an output?

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Mohammad Ezzad Hamdan
Mohammad Ezzad Hamdan 2018년 5월 19일
댓글: Walter Roberson 2018년 5월 19일
I used the '[v,d]=eig(A)' function, but it prints 72.00000 instead of 72. If it is a fraction (eg: 1/3 which will produce 0.3333), then its fine. Are there any specific function to avoid this?


Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2018년 5월 19일
There is probably some round-off error so that the 72.00000 that you are seeing is not exactly 72 . You can subtract 72 from the output to see how large the difference is.
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Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2018년 5월 19일
Eigenvalue computation involve finding the roots of polynomials. For 3x3 matrices, floating point roundoff difficulties is typical, and for 4x4 matrices, floating point roundoff is almost certain, and for larger matrices the only way to avoid it would be to use a detailed knowledge of the computation and of floating point representation to work backwards to create one of the rare matrices that did not have floating point roundoff problems.
If you need exact values then you need to switch to the Symbolic Toolbox, which can give you exact values up to 4x4 matrices. Just be prepared for typical eigenvalues to be expressions at least 4000 characters long.

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