Pause function in matlab for 1 millisecond

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Juan
Juan 2012년 5월 8일
편집: Walter Roberson 2020년 3월 18일
Hi,
I need to pause my matlab program at GUI, because I'm using serial communication, but when I use pause command it only allows me to pause it for 0.01 seconds.
pause(0.01) %in seconds
The thing I need, for example:
pause(0.001) %in seconds, but actually doesn't works
Anyone knows how to pause matlab for 1 millisecond? Thanks for read and answer.
Greetings.
  댓글 수: 2
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2017년 1월 17일
Pause is on by default.
On MS Windows, the resolution is only 0.01 seconds and using "pause on" does not change that.

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답변(9개)

Jan
Jan 2015년 10월 24일
편집: Jan 2015년 10월 24일
There is an accurate timer in Java, which can be called directly in Matlab:
java.lang.Thread.sleep(duration*1000) % in mysec!

AndreasDerFuchs
AndreasDerFuchs 2016년 3월 4일
The attached pauses() matlab function combines the above ideas.
It can pause with an accuracy of 0.03 ms on my PC, without using too much CPU-bandwidth, as opposed to an accuracy of 0.8 ms with java.lang.Thread.sleep(ms), or the even worse accuracy of 15 ms with pause().
I've tested the accuracy with:
pauses(0); ii=1:300; d=ii/12345;
for i=ii;
t0=tic; pauses(d(i),t0); t(i)=toc(t0);
end;
fprintf('3 sigma accuracy = %.6f ms\n', std(t-d)*3000);
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Toby Dewhurst
Toby Dewhurst 2016년 6월 10일
Works perfectly. Thanks for sharing!

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Daniel Shub
Daniel Shub 2012년 5월 8일
Getting millisecond timing accuracy is extremely difficult in most programming languages since the underlying clocks are just not that accurate. It really is a question of how much jitter you can tolerate.
That said, the "serial port" tag makes me think you should look at callback functions.

Andreas Goser
Andreas Goser 2012년 5월 8일
편집: John Kelly 2014년 5월 27일
While Jakob's answer is a correct answer to your specific question, you might want to do something different, as the PAUSE command really stops MATLAB from doing stuff.

Malcolm Lidierth
Malcolm Lidierth 2016년 5월 19일
편집: Malcolm Lidierth 2016년 5월 19일
Pause does more than cause a sleep (see the docs) e.g. it flushes the AWT/Swing EDT. The minimum delay will therefore reflect what needs to be done in the background. undocumentedmatlab.com has several relevant posts (see drawnow/pause)

Jakob Sørensen
Jakob Sørensen 2012년 5월 8일
Doesn't work how? And what Matlab version are you using? In R2011b, running Windows 7, I get the following results
>> tic;pause(0.001);toc;
Elapsed time is 0.009849 seconds.
Which is reasonably close to 1 ms.
  댓글 수: 7
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2015년 11월 2일
R2015a on OS-X:
g = @() pause(0.001);
timeit(g, 0)
shows outputs between 0.001255 and 0.001404. (Be sure to use 0 as the second argument or else you end up measuring the time to return the "state" of the timer.)
The result is consistently higher than 1 1/4 millisecond and less than 1 1/2 millisecond in the tests I have done this way. Note that
tic(); pause(0.001); toc()
at the command line is not completely representative due to differences in what is JIT (Just In Time compiled)

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Marcel Kraemer
Marcel Kraemer 2013년 2월 5일
편집: Marcel Kraemer 2013년 2월 5일
Hi Guys,
I had the same problem as you and I couldn't find an answer on the internet. So I tried following solution which works percetly well for me.
function delay(seconds)
% function pause the program
% seconds = delay time in seconds
tic;
while toc < seconds
end
end
Cheers, Marcel
  댓글 수: 1
KnowledgeSeeker
KnowledgeSeeker 2014년 6월 20일
Thank you Marcel. Works for me too...

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Andreas Sprenger
Andreas Sprenger 2013년 9월 27일
Hi,
on a 32bit Windows System you may use a kernel function. It works quite accurate, I've tested it against hardware timer. Unfortunately I haven't found a solution on 64bit Win7. Any hints are welcome.
Cheers
Andreas
Here an example for 32bit Windows:
if ~libisloaded('QPerf')
% loads kernel functions for time measurement
loadlibrary ('kernel32.dll', @QueryPerformance, 'alias', 'QPerf')
end
% data structure for QueryPerformance...
Value.LowPart = uint32(0);
Value.HighPart = uint32(0);
QStruct = libstruct('s_ULARGE_INTEGER', Value);
% Get performance of the computer
[xval, QFreq] = calllib('QPerf', 'QueryPerformanceFrequency', QStruct);
Frequency = QFreq.HighPart*2^32 + QFreq.LowPart;
% Get t0
[~, QCounter] = calllib('QPerf', 'QueryPerformanceCounter', QStruct);
t0 = (QCounter.HighPart*2^32 + QCounter.LowPart) / Frequency * 1000;
t1 = t0;
% example: wait a second
while t1 - t0 < 1000
[~, QCounter] = calllib('QPerf', 'QueryPerformanceCounter', QStruct);
t1 = (QCounter.HighPart*2^32 + QCounter.LowPart) / Frequency * 1000;
end
% -----
function [methodinfo,structs,enuminfo] = QueryPerformance
%This function was generated by the perl file prototypes.pl called from loadlibary.m on Wed Apr 5 19:40:14 2006
%perl options:'win.i -outfile=QueryPerformance
ival={cell(1,0)}; % change 0 to the actual number of functions to preallocate the data.
fcns=struct('name',ival,'calltype',ival,'LHS',ival,'RHS',ival,'alias',ival);
structs=[];enuminfo=[];fcnNum=1;
% BOOL _stdcall QueryPerformanceCounter(LARGE_INTEGER *);
fcns.name{fcnNum}='QueryPerformanceCounter';
fcns.calltype{fcnNum}='stdcall';
fcns.LHS{fcnNum}='int32';
fcns.RHS{fcnNum}={'s_ULARGE_INTEGERPtr'};
fcnNum = fcnNum+1;
% BOOL _stdcall QueryPerformanceFrequency(LARGE_INTEGER *);
fcns.name{fcnNum}='QueryPerformanceFrequency';
fcns.calltype{fcnNum}='stdcall';
fcns.LHS{fcnNum}='int32';
fcns.RHS{fcnNum}={'s_ULARGE_INTEGERPtr'};
fcnNum = fcnNum+1;
structs.s_ULARGE_INTEGER.packing=8;
structs.s_ULARGE_INTEGER.members=struct('LowPart', 'uint32', 'HighPart', 'uint32');
methodinfo = fcns;

Andreas Sprenger
Andreas Sprenger 2013년 9월 27일
Hi,
searching for a solution on 64bit Matlab I came across a workaround. Edit the prototype and change fcns.calltype from 'stdcall' (most common on 32bit Windows systems) to 'cdecl' (C type declaration). It works both on 32bit and 64bit Matlab systems. On 2013a there is a warning that the loader file will not be supported in future.
Andreas
  댓글 수: 1
Jan
Jan 2015년 10월 24일
편집: Jan 2015년 10월 24일
Please do not post a question in the section for answers. See my new answer...

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