How do i calculate a sum using a function?

조회 수: 89(최근 30일)
Jonas Fuglsang Hansen
Jonas Fuglsang Hansen 2017년 10월 14일
댓글: KL 2017년 10월 15일
Problem description:
Using previous examples make a function with one parameter n, number of integers to sum, and one output, the sum of first n integers: 1+2+3+...+n.
How do i use a function to calculate the sum?
  댓글 수: 2
Jonas Fuglsang Hansen
Jonas Fuglsang Hansen 2017년 10월 14일
Yes, i've read the documentation. I haven't tried anything yet, as i have no idea where to start. I don't really understand how to write functions in matlab.

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채택된 답변

Jan 2017년 10월 14일
편집: Jan 2017년 10월 14일
Please take the time to read the "Getting Started" chapters. Matlab's OnRamp helps also very efficient to learn the basics.
Did you heard something about how Gauss has solved this problem with pencil and paper when he was in school? You need some seconds only to get the result of the sum from from 1 to 1000. Remember: Write the list of numbers twice in two rows, one in backward direction:
1 2 3 ... n-1 n
n n-1 n-2 ... 2 1
Now sum them up vertically at first: You get n times the value of n+1. Summing them is n*(n+1). But then you have counted each value twice, so take the half of the result:
n * (n+1) / 2
This takes the same computing time for n=10 or n=10^15. How nice.
Now you have to convert it into a function, but you have learned how to do this already. Welcome to the world of Matlab!
  댓글 수: 1
KL 2017년 10월 15일
+1 for bringing in Gauss summation here, Good one Jan!

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추가 답변(2개)

jean claude
jean claude 2017년 10월 14일
편집: jean claude 2017년 10월 14일
as i understand you want to sum 1+2+...n so you can use
function S = Ma_somme(n)
S = 0 ;
for i = 1 : n
S = S + i ;
  댓글 수: 3
Jan 2017년 10월 14일
To run a function, you cannot just hit the "Run" button, but you save it to a file and call it from Matlab's command window with providing an input:
Result = Ma_somme(19)
@jean claude: Please consider John's advice in the future. It is an advantage for the student and for the forum. Thanks.

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Image Analyst
Image Analyst 2017년 10월 14일
function theSum = ComputeSum(n)
theSum = .......
and check this out, and learn from what you see:
vec = 1 : 10;
Also, are you allowed to use the built-in sum() function? And never use "sum" for the name of your variable or you'll destroy the built-in function.
  댓글 수: 6
Image Analyst
Image Analyst 2017년 10월 14일
Yes, that should do it.
Since you already got one working version, I'll give my version:
function theSum = ComputeSum(n)
theSum = sum(1:n);
That's it! It uses the built-in sum() function but you didn't specifically disallow it so I used it.
Hint: to fix up your indenting, in the MATLAB editor, type control-a (to select all the code) and then control-i (to fix/standardize the indenting of the lines).
Here's another snippet that might come in handy for you:
% Ask user for one integer number.
defaultValue = 45;
titleBar = 'Enter an integer value';
userPrompt = 'Enter the integer';
caUserInput = inputdlg(userPrompt, titleBar, 1, {num2str(defaultValue)});
if isempty(caUserInput),return,end; % Bail out if they clicked Cancel.
% Round to nearest integer in case they entered a floating point number.
integerValue = round(str2double(cell2mat(caUserInput)));
% Check for a valid integer.
if isnan(integerValue)
% They didn't enter a number.
% They clicked Cancel, or entered a character, symbols, or something else not allowed.
integerValue = defaultValue;
message = sprintf('I said it had to be an integer.\nTry replacing the user.\nI will use %d and continue.', integerValue);
If we're done, then you can click "Accept this answer" on the one best answer (it only works on one).

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