How do I make a desktop launcher for MATLAB in Linux?

조회 수: 1,623(최근 30일)
Ian Jessen
Ian Jessen 2011년 1월 6일
편집: Joshua Davis 2022년 5월 12일 23:07
I don’t want to have to open a terminal window every time I want to launch MATLAB on Linux. I tried to make a Gnome launcher, but it does not seem to work. The command I gave was:
/usr/local/bin/matlab &
I see the process running, but now windows appear. What am I doing wrong?
  댓글 수: 5
Calin Bira
Calin Bira 2022년 3월 2일
try to run as such: /usr/local/bin/matlab -desktop

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채택된 답변

John
John 2011년 1월 11일
To have MATLAB open up from a launcher, you need to add the –desktop flag to the command field. For example:
/usr/local/matlab/bin/matlab desktop
If that does not work, try changing the launcher type from "Application" to "Application in terminal". If there is a MATLAB startup error, it won’t be displayed unless MATLAB is started with terminal.
  댓글 수: 9
Randall Pittman
Randall Pittman 2021년 3월 12일
@Christopher Wong It is, but it's just hard to find.
See
under "Input Arguments"

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추가 답변(14개)

KimHan
KimHan 2016년 11월 21일
편집: KimHan 2016년 11월 21일
In your terminal, type sudo apt-get install matlab-support, press enter, and follow the instructions. It works for Ubuntu 16.0 LTE
  댓글 수: 25
Joshua Davis
Joshua Davis 2022년 5월 12일 23:07
ditto Eduardo
Working on Ubuntu 20.04 with matlab R2022a

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Tucker McClure
Tucker McClure 2017년 9월 26일
I seemed to have to do the least to get this to work, so I thought I'd share. I'm on Ubuntu 16.04 and installed with the defaults. I created ~/.local/share/applications/matlab_r2015a.desktop with the following contents:
[Desktop Entry]
Version=1.0
Type=Application
Name=MATLAB R2015a
Icon=matlab
Path=/home/tucker/dev
Exec=/usr/local/MATLAB/R2015a/bin/glnxa64/MATLAB -desktop -prefersoftwareopengl
Terminal=false
I then made it executable:
chmod +x matlab_r2015a.desktop
I then navigated to ~/.local/share/applications/ with the file browser (you may need to click View > Show Hidden Files to see .local) and dragged the matlab_r2015a.desktop file to the launcher bar. It showed up, I clicked on it, and it opened MATLAB.
  댓글 수: 7
Isidro Losada López
Isidro Losada López 2020년 11월 11일
In my case, I had problems with the graphics at some point. I found a solution somewhere (I really don't remember where, sorry) that not only solved my problem, but my graphics improved consederably. You just have to change a line in the matlab.desktop file:
Exec=env MESA_LOADER_DRIVER_OVERRIDE=i965 /usr/local/bin/matlab -desktop -prefersoftwareopengl
It worked for me in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and now in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS!

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Eric
Eric 2015년 6월 25일
If you're using Ubuntu, see this page: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/MATLAB

Trevor Moon
Trevor Moon 2021년 9월 8일
1. Create a linux .desktop file
touch ~/.local/share/applications/matlab.desktop
2. Add/copy relevant details for app launcher
[Desktop Entry]
Version=1.0
Type=Application
Terminal=false
Exec=/path/to/matlab -desktop
Name=MATLAB RXXXXx
Icon=/path/to/icon
Comment=MATLAB
where /path/to/matlab is recommended to use usr/local/MATLAB/RXXXXx/bin/glnxa64/MATLAB and /path/to/icon is usr/local/MATLAB/RXXXXx/bin/glnxa64/cef_resources/matlab_icon.png
3. Make the file executable
chmod +x ~/.local/share/applications/matlab.desktop
4. Test the application launcher from the menu
From here, I had issues with the icons/descriptions to show. To fix this, I did
5. Move matlab.desktop to the shared applications folder
sudo mv ~/.local/share/applications/matlab.desktop /usr/share/applications
sudo is required since the root folder is protected

Julian Zimmer
Julian Zimmer 2016년 11월 4일
편집: Julian Zimmer 2016년 11월 4일
The following trick worked for me:
Suppose <install>/MATLAB is the folder where you installed MATLAB and you are using zsh as your preferred shell:
1. download the MATLAB logo from Wikipedia and save it as <install>/MATLAB/logo.png
2. go to ~/bin and create the following shell script and call it matlab:
#!/usr/bin/zsh
<install>/MATLAB/bin/matlab -desktop &
3. make matlab shell script executable
chmod +x matlab
4. in /usr/local/applications, create matlab.desktop (you have to be root). If there are other people using the same system use the personal applications folder of your respective distribution
#!/usr/bin/zsh
[Desktop Entry]
Name=MATLAB
Exec= /home/<yourUsername>/bin/matlab
Icon=<install>/MATLAB/logo.png
Terminal=false
Type=Application
Categories=Development;Math;Science;Education;
This will add MATLAB to your Menu and Application Starter.
5. Copy the file matlab.desktop file to your Desktop folder
  댓글 수: 1
Steve Grobler
Steve Grobler 2017년 2월 11일
a rather complicated solution to do something so simple!! Its no wonder Linux is not catching on :(

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Taran Sachdeva
Taran Sachdeva 2017년 3월 16일
The problem is actually with creating an icon in Ubuntu itself more than anything else. Solution from Julian is very close to the working icon solution however, the number of steps for the icon can be further reduced to only two steps (at least in Ubuntu 16.04.2).
1. Install gksudo: The reason you want to install this is because you will be turning off the terminal when you create the icon. This is a small graphical interface with a forced sudo backend (more on that later)
sudo apt-get install gksudo
2. create icon: open terminal and enter the following command
sudo gedit ~/.local/share/applications/matlab.desktop
a blank text editor will open up. In that editor paste the following set and save
[Desktop Entry]
Name=MATLAB
Type=Application
Exec=gksudo -S "<matlab location>/matlab -desktop"
Terminal=false
Icon=<icon location>
Comment=MATLAB
Categories=Development;IDE;
if you search for "MATLAB" now you will see an icon that can be dragged and dropped to the launcher (Ubuntu's equivilant for windows taskbar) or desktop.
the "<matlab location>" is a placeholder for where your matlab installation is stored. By default, it should be store in the /usr/local/MATLAB/.....
the "<icon location>" is a placeholder for where the matlab icon should be stored. It can be a .png,.ico or .xmp .
Comments on what is going on in the background:
1. The gksudo is running the sudo as its backend (https://linux.die.net/man/1/gksudo), if your linux box has a password, it will ask you for it when you click the icon you have created using the above instruction. Since we turned the terminal off (line 5) there will be no way for you to enter this password and matlab will keep crashing. gksudo provides a GUI interface that will allow the user to input his/her password.
2. matlab -desktop, forces matlab to run in desktop mode with the full matlab shell
  댓글 수: 2
Mohsen Malayjerdi
Mohsen Malayjerdi 2019년 11월 16일
Hi, you need to address like this:
usr/local/MATLAB/R2019b/bin/matlab
but you should consider your version. The run file is on the bin folder

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Rachel Allcock
Rachel Allcock 2019년 6월 28일
편집: Rachel Allcock 2019년 6월 28일
Fairly straightforward using Xubuntu 18.04 (XFCE) using the menu edit function with the command path:
/usr/local/MATLAB/R2019a/bin/matlab
but the key is to check the "Run in Terminal" box otherwise it won't start. You'll see the Terminal run in the background but it launches the full desktop.

Martin
Martin 2012년 11월 22일
I am trying to do the same, basically going in to the terminal each time is very inconvenient. Is there a way I can make a button to click rather than terminal?
  댓글 수: 1
Martin
Martin 2013년 3월 4일
got this sorted now. thanks

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Thaddeus Song En Low
Thaddeus Song En Low 2017년 12월 6일
A little bit late to the train, but an alternative that one can use, not only for matlab but for other scripts also, for those in Ubuntu.
1) Install "alacarte"
sudo apt-get install alacarte
2) Run alacarte and select "new item". Provide the command (ie. the matlab script) and name. You can also provide a logo by clicking on an image file. If you don't have a logo, just download one off the web.
You can now launch matlab without a terminal.
  댓글 수: 3
Salma Omer
Salma Omer 2020년 7월 16일
sorry, but how can I run alacarte??

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Mark
Mark 2018년 4월 13일
For Fedora, I made some packages packages:
https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/hmaarrfk/useful_launchers/
You may also want to edit the file `/usr/local/MATLAB/R20XXX/resources/MATLAB/en/branding.xml`, the keys with IDE_TITLE so that it matches up with the icon correctly. I mostly didn't want to create many different packages everytime matlab changes their Title.
Result:

kinblu
kinblu 2018년 6월 22일
편집: kinblu 2018년 6월 22일
After launching it from the terminal, I clicked on its icon in the Launcher and then selected "Add to Dash". Voila! (on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS)

Qianqian Fang
Qianqian Fang 2019년 1월 17일
The launcher approach does not work properly after I upgraded Ubuntu from 14.04 to 16.04. Basically, all envrionment variables defined in my ~/.bashrc are not inheriented in the MATLAB environment, making it impossible to link to libraries in the non-standard locations, such as libcudart etc.
This did work well in Ubuntu 14.04. Is this a known problem?
thanks

Thomas Friedrich
Thomas Friedrich 2020년 8월 12일
For those struggeling with the environment variables / library location setup: The solution I am using now, is to use a bash script instead of the classical launcher. In this bash script the environment variables can be set prior to actually running matlab. For CUDA-10.0 the following would work:
#!/bin/bash
export CUDA_PATH=/usr/local/cuda-10.0
export CUDA_HOME=$CUDA_PATH
export CUDA_BIN_PATH=$CUDA_PATH/bin
export CUDA_LIB_PATH=$CUDA_PATH/lib64
# set PATH so it includes users private bin directories
PATH=$HOME/bin:$HOME/.local/bin:$PATH
PATH=/usr/bin:$PATH
PATH=$MATLAB_DIR:$PATH
PATH=$MATLAB_BIN:$PATH
PATH=$CUDA_BIN_PATH:$PATH
export PATH
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$CUDA_LIB_PATH:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
/usr/local/MATLAB/R2019b/bin/glnxa64/MATLAB -desktop
Saving that script as 'run19b' in some place the OS is looking for binaries, one can then create a launcher like that:
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Application
Name=MATLAB R2019b
Icon=/usr/local/MATLAB/R2019b/bin/glnxa64/cef_resources/matlab_icon.png
Path=/home/thomas
Exec=run19b
Terminal=false
Obviously this approach can be extended to whatever library one would want to add and I guess it'll work on most Linux distros. I tested it on Mint 19 (Ubuntu 18.04).

Hernan Mojica
Hernan Mojica 2021년 10월 7일
편집: Hernan Mojica 2021년 10월 7일
Once time you have Matlab installed, for Ubuntu 21.04 follow nexts steps :
  • Open a comand terminal.
  • Create a desktop shorcout :
nano ~/Desktop/Matlab
  • Copy-paste bellow lines:
[Desktop Entry]
Version=1.0
Type=Application
Name=MATLAB
Exec=/usr/local/MATLAB/R2021b/bin/./matlab
Icon=/usr/local/MATLAB/R2021b/resources/coreui/matlab/splash.png
Terminal=false
  • Go to the path /Desktop in the terminal and copy-paste the following:
chmod +x Matlab
  댓글 수: 3
Calin Bira
Calin Bira 2022년 3월 2일
Make sure you call it with the -desktop parameter eg:
Exec=/usr/local/MATLAB/R2021b/bin/matlab -desktop
This parameter, did the trick for me in Linux

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