# Creating a logic vector out of 2D matrix

조회 수: 1(최근 30일)
Lama Hamadeh 2022년 4월 27일
댓글: Jon 2022년 4월 27일
Hi,
How can I create a logic vector v out of a matrix M in a way that each row of v equals to 1 when the second element of Mper row equals to 0, as illustrated below:
My attempt in coding this is as following:
%M matrix
M = [1 2;
2 0;
3 1;
4 0;
5 3;
6 0;
7 2;
8 4;
9 0;
10 1];
%initialise v vector
v = [];
%create v vector
for i =1:size(M,1)
if M(i,i) == M(i,0)
v(i) = 1;
else
v(i) = 0;
end
end
An error message of "Index in position 2 is invalid. Array indices must be positive integers or logical values." apears.
Any help would be appreicted.
Thanks.

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### 답변(3개)

Dyuman Joshi 2022년 4월 27일
Indexing in MATLAB starts with 1 and not 0.
M = [1 2;
2 0;
3 1;
4 0;
5 3;
6 0;
7 2;
8 4;
9 0;
10 1];
%initialise v vector
v = [];
%create v vector
for i =1:size(M,1)
if M(i,2) == 0 %Comparing 2nd element of ith row to 0 as you mentioned
v(i,1) = 1;
else
v(i,1) = 0;
end
end
v
v = 10×1
0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0
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Fangjun Jiang 2022년 4월 27일
편집: Fangjun Jiang 2022년 4월 27일
M(i,i) == M(i,0)
should be
M(i,2) == 0
When you have this type of error on a very simple script, put a break point and run the script line by line. You will be able to debug the problem by yourself.

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Jon 2022년 4월 27일
%M matrix
M = [1 2;
2 0;
3 1;
4 0;
5 3;
6 0;
7 2;
8 4;
9 0;
10 1];
% logic vector
v = ~M(:,2)
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Jon 2022년 4월 27일
The above uses the fact that MATLAB treats double values which are zero as if they were logical false. You could also do what you want, maybe more clearly using
v = M(:,2)==0

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