Generating a Dictionary Function

조회 수: 2(최근 30일)
Smoxk x
Smoxk x 2022년 4월 26일
댓글: Walter Roberson 2022년 4월 27일
Hi All,
How would i make a function called 'Word' that determines whether the user has input a real english word, determined based on the content within a file called 'dictionary.txt', which contains the whole english dictionary.
For example, a worked example from the users perspective would be as follows:
What is the word? 'kinbecef'
Not a word. Try Again.
What is the word? 'Community'
... (continue on with code)
Kind Regards,
Smoxk x
  댓글 수: 7
Jan
Jan 2022년 4월 26일
@Smoxk x: Your code has several problems.
  • Do not use "size" as a name of a variable, because it is an important Matlab function. This can cuase unexpected behavior, if you try to use the function later.
  • "Num" is not defined.
  • "InputWord" is uded, before it is defined.
  • "file(i)" is the i.th character of the file name.
  • ~= compares char vectors elementwise, so both must have the same length or one can be a scalar.

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채택된 답변

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2022년 4월 26일
strcmpi() perhaps. However that depends how much intelligence you need to put into it. You give an input example with a leading capital: is the search to be case-insensitive or do you have capitalization rules (the rules in English are more complicated than just "capitalize the first letter")? Do you need to deduce the plurals from the base words, including for example goose vs geese but moose does not imply meese?
  댓글 수: 6
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2022년 4월 27일
Sorry about that... the function is often named tolower() in other programming languages.

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추가 답변(2개)

Jan
Jan 2022년 4월 26일
function Word
Data = fileread('YourDictionary.txt');
List = sort(lower(strsplit(Data, char(10))));
while 1
s = input('Input a word: ', 's');
% insert the checks and the oputput here...
% Stop the loop with "break;" if s is empty
end
end

Bruno Luong
Bruno Luong 2022년 4월 27일
편집: Bruno Luong 2022년 4월 27일
You can use container.Map. I give here example of numbers, but it can handle char array or strings as well.
The time access, using hash is O(1) and is much quicker than ismember (and this test on TMW server seems to invalid Walter's claim that ismember on sorted array is faster, perhaps because MATLAB ismember doesn't know/check array is sorted, and it sorts anyway and we all know some sorting algorithms are not fast when working on already sorted input):
a=randi(1e6,1,1e6);
as=sort(a);
m=containers.Map(a,a);
b=randi(1e6,1,1e3);
tic; for k=1:numel(b); ismember(b(k),as); end; toc
Elapsed time is 0.712036 seconds.
tic; for k=1:numel(b); ismember(b(k),a); end; toc
Elapsed time is 0.596029 seconds.
tic; for k=1:numel(b); isKey(m,b(k)); end; toc
Elapsed time is 0.005366 seconds.

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