# Inf and NaN problem

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Hajar 2015년 1월 14일
댓글: Star Strider 2015년 1월 14일
I have to do some computations with very big numbers values, so my matlab code returns "Inf" and "NaN.. I want to know if there is a way to avoid this problem? here is the part of my code that returns Inf and NaN
UtiliteProba(b,l)=exp((UtiliteB(b,l)+UtiliteC(b,l))/T);
proba(b,l)=UtiliteProba(b,l)/constante(1,b);
Actually the "UtiliteProba"= Inf and "proba"=NaN , the "constante" is equal to Inf too..
thank you so much for your help

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### 답변(2개)

Iain 2015년 1월 14일
Logarithms are your friends. Here's what I mean maths:
log(UtiliteProba) = (UtiliteB(b,l)+UtiliteC(b,l))/T (values in the range of a few hundred correspond to the maximum values matlab can handle with doubles)
proba = e^(log(UtiliteProba) - log(constante(1,b))
log(proba) = (log(UtiliteProba) - log(constante(1,b))
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Hajar 2015년 1월 14일
I forgot to mention that
constante(1,b)=sum(UtiliteProba(b,:))
then
log(proba)=log(utiliteProba)-log(constante)
=log(utiliteProba)-log(sum(utiliteProba))
for log(utiliteProba) it's okay since I can calculate it by using (UtiliteB(b,l)+UtiliteC(b,l))/T , but log(constante) would be log(inf) :s :s

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Star Strider 2015년 1월 14일
The only way I can imagine to avoid the Inf and NaN values (assuming none of the arguments ‘UtiliteB’ and ‘UtiliteC’ are either Inf or NaN) is to not take the exponential and keep them as logarithms until you need to actually evaluate them as exponentials:
UtiliteProba(b,l) = ((UtiliteB(b,l)+UtiliteC(b,l))/T);
proba(b,l) = UtiliteProba(b,l) - log(constante(1,b));
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Star Strider 2015년 1월 14일
â€˜log(constante) would be log(inf)â€™
If â€˜constante = Infâ€™, then none of your calculations using it will produce any useful results.
You need to review your calculation of â€˜constanteâ€™ and see what the problem is with it.

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