Comparing two numbers by using IF in Matlab

조회 수: 186(최근 30일)
Jamal Ahmad
Jamal Ahmad 2014년 10월 15일
답변: Image Analyst 2014년 10월 15일
I want to compare two numbers (x, and y), if they are equal or not.
However, even if these two numbers are equal, if condition in Matlab does not recognize them as equal numbers.
How I can make if statement recognize these two numbers if they are equal?
x=10.^(0.1.*4);
y=2.5119;
if x == y
z=1
'equal'
else
z=2
'Not Equal'
end

채택된 답변

Iain
Iain 2014년 10월 15일
The code is correct.
The problem is that x - y is not precisely 0. The magnitude of the difference will be less than 1e-5
You have two options, define y to the 16th significant figure, or allow a tolerance like this:
if abs(x-y) < tolerance

추가 답변(2개)

Stephen Carter
Stephen Carter 2014년 10월 15일
They are not equal:
>> format long
>> x
x =
2.511886431509580
>> y
y =
2.511900000000000

Image Analyst
Image Analyst 2014년 10월 15일
See the FAQ for an explanation and some code to make it do what you want: http://matlab.wikia.com/wiki/FAQ#Why_is_0.3_-_0.2_-_0.1_.28or_similar.29_not_equal_to_zero.3F

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