# time delay between sinus signal

조회 수: 4(최근 30일)
bernout breyer 2021년 10월 7일
댓글: Mathieu NOE 2021년 10월 7일
Hello @ all,
I would like to claculate the time delay of two sinus signals which I have plotted, so I have two output vektors Data1 and Data2.
The sample rate is 2MSPS, thus I Know the time step between two samples, in the plot I have attached you can see that the time delay is smaller than one sample step and the samples are interpolated.
My thoughts were to calculate the time delay at every zero crossing of data1 and data2 in oder to build up an average.
Could somebody help me further?
Zoom into Signal plot: Many thanks

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### 채택된 답변

Mathieu NOE 2021년 10월 7일
hello
my suggestion below
the time values of the crossing points are linearly interpolated between samples for maximal time accuracy;
hope it helps !
clc
clearvars
% dummy data
n=100;
x=(0:n-1)/n;
y1 = sin(6*x -0.5);
y2 = sin(6*x -0.7);
figure(1)
plot(x,y1,'b',x,y2,'g');
threshold = 0; % your value here
[t0_pos1,s0_pos1,t0_neg1,s0_neg1]= crossing_V7(y1,x,threshold,'linear'); % positive (pos) and negative (neg) slope crossing points
[t0_pos2,s0_pos2,t0_neg2,s0_neg2]= crossing_V7(y2,x,threshold,'linear'); % positive (pos) and negative (neg) slope crossing points
% ind => time index (samples)
% t0 => corresponding time (x) values
% s0 => corresponding function (y) values , obviously they must be equal to "threshold"
figure(1)
plot(x,y1,'b',t0_pos1,s0_pos1,'*b',t0_neg1,s0_neg1,'+b','linewidth',2,'markersize',12);grid on
hold on
plot(x,y2,'g',t0_pos2,s0_pos2,'*g',t0_neg2,s0_neg2,'+g','linewidth',2,'markersize',12);grid on
hold off
legend('signal 1','signal 1 positive slope crossing points','signal 1 negative slope crossing points',...
'signal 2','signal 2 positive slope crossing points','signal 2 negative slope crossing points' );
% time difference for positive slope crossing points
dt_pos_slope = t0_pos1 - t0_pos2;
% time difference for negative slope crossing points
dt_neg_slope = t0_neg1 - t0_neg2;
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
function [t0_pos,s0_pos,t0_neg,s0_neg] = crossing_V7(S,t,level,imeth)
% [ind,t0,s0,t0close,s0close] = crossing_V6(S,t,level,imeth,slope_sign) % older format
% CROSSING find the crossings of a given level of a signal
% ind = CROSSING(S) returns an index vector ind, the signal
% S crosses zero at ind or at between ind and ind+1
% [ind,t0] = CROSSING(S,t) additionally returns a time
% vector t0 of the zero crossings of the signal S. The crossing
% times are linearly interpolated between the given times t
% [ind,t0] = CROSSING(S,t,level) returns the crossings of the
% given level instead of the zero crossings
% ind = CROSSING(S,[],level) as above but without time interpolation
% [ind,t0] = CROSSING(S,t,level,par) allows additional parameters
% par = {'none'|'linear'}.
% With interpolation turned off (par = 'none') this function always
% returns the value left of the zero (the data point thats nearest
% to the zero AND smaller than the zero crossing).
%
% check the number of input arguments
error(nargchk(1,4,nargin));
% check the time vector input for consistency
if nargin < 2 | isempty(t)
% if no time vector is given, use the index vector as time
t = 1:length(S);
elseif length(t) ~= length(S)
% if S and t are not of the same length, throw an error
error('t and S must be of identical length!');
end
% check the level input
if nargin < 3
% set standard value 0, if level is not given
level = 0;
end
% check interpolation method input
if nargin < 4
imeth = 'linear';
end
% make row vectors
t = t(:)';
S = S(:)';
% always search for zeros. So if we want the crossing of
% any other threshold value "level", we subtract it from
% the values and search for zeros.
S = S - level;
% first look for exact zeros
ind0 = find( S == 0 );
% then look for zero crossings between data points
S1 = S(1:end-1) .* S(2:end);
ind1 = find( S1 < 0 );
% bring exact zeros and "in-between" zeros together
ind = sort([ind0 ind1]);
% and pick the associated time values
t0 = t(ind);
s0 = S(ind);
if ~isempty(ind)
if strcmp(imeth,'linear')
% linear interpolation of crossing
for ii=1:length(t0)
%if abs(S(ind(ii))) >= eps(S(ind(ii))) % MATLAB V7 et +
if abs(S(ind(ii))) >= eps*abs(S(ind(ii))) % MATLAB V6 et - EPS * ABS(X)
% interpolate only when data point is not already zero
NUM = (t(ind(ii)+1) - t(ind(ii)));
DEN = (S(ind(ii)+1) - S(ind(ii)));
slope = NUM / DEN;
slope_sign(ii) = sign(slope);
t0(ii) = t0(ii) - S(ind(ii)) * slope;
s0(ii) = level;
end
end
end
% extract the positive slope crossing points
ind_pos = find(sign(slope_sign)>0);
t0_pos = t0(ind_pos);
s0_pos = s0(ind_pos);
% extract the negative slope crossing points
ind_neg = find(sign(slope_sign)<0);
t0_neg = t0(ind_neg);
s0_neg = s0(ind_neg);
else
% empty output
ind_pos = [];
t0_pos = [];
s0_pos = [];
% extract the negative slope crossing points
ind_neg = [];
t0_neg = [];
s0_neg = [];
end
end
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Mathieu NOE 2021년 10월 7일
my pleasure !

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R2019b

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