Visualize and Recreate EWT Decomposition
This example shows how to visualize an empirical wavelet transform (EWT) decomposition using Signal Multiresolution Analyzer. You learn how to compare two different decompositions in the app, and how to recreate a decomposition in your workspace.
Create a noisy signal,
sig, composed of three main components:
A 60 Hz component between 0.1 and 0.3 seconds
A 200 Hz component between 0.7 and 1 second
A trend term
Sample the signal at 1000 Hz for one second.
Fs = 1e3; t = 0:1/Fs:1-1/Fs; comp1 = cos(2*pi*200*t).*(t>0.7); comp2 = cos(2*pi*60*t).*(t>=0.1 & t<0.3); trend = sin(2*pi*1/2*t); rng default wgnNoise = 0.4*randn(size(t)); sig = comp1+comp2+trend+wgnNoise;
Open Signal Multiresolution Analyzer and click Import. Select
sig and click Import. By default, a four-level MODWTMRA decomposition appears in the MODWT tab. In the Signal Multiresolution Analyzer tab, set the sample rate to 1000 Hz.
To generate an MRA decomposition using the empirical wavelet transform (EWT), go to the Signal Multiresolution Analyzer tab. Click Add ▼ and select EWT.
After a few moments, the EWT decomposition
sig2 appears in the EWT tab. The app obtains the decomposition using the
ewt function with default settings. The Level Selection pane shows the relative energies of the signal across the passbands, as well as the measured frequency ranges. With the toolstrip, you can change the EWT parameters to generate a different decomposition. You can:
Specify how to choose the peaks that determine the passbands.
Specify the frequency resolution bandwidth of the multitaper power spectral estimate. The value determines the number of sine tapers the app uses in the multitaper power spectrum estimate.
Choose whether or not to use the log of the multitaper power spectrum to determine the peak frequencies.
Choose either the geometric mean of adjacent peaks or the first local minimum between adjacent peaks to determine the passbands.
Change Peak Identification Method
By default, the
ewt function uses a threshold to determine which peaks to retain in the multitaper power spectrum of the signal. In the case of
ewt found two passbands. You can also choose the N largest peaks. To compare the two methods, select
sig2, and on the Signal Multiresolution Analyzer tab, click Duplicate. A duplicate,
sig2Copy, appears. In the EWT tab, set the value of Max Number Peaks to 5 and click Decompose. The result is a decomposition with five passbands.
You can compare the
sig2Copy approximation with the
sig1 approximation by first removing passbands 2 through 4 from the
sig2Copy reconstruction, and then clicking
sig2 in the legend in the Reconstructions pane. To remove a passband from the reconstruction, you can either clear the corresponding Include box in the Level Selection pane or click on the plot of the passband in the Decomposition pane.
To recreate the decomposition in your workspace, in the Signal Multiresolution Analyzer tab click Export > Generate MATLAB Script. An untitled script opens in your editor with the following executable code. The true-false values in
levelForReconstruction correspond to the
Include boxes you selected in the Level Selection pane. You can save the script as is or modify it to apply the same decomposition settings to other signals. Run the code.
% Logical array for selecting reconstruction elements levelForReconstruction = [false,false,false,false,true]; % Perform the decomposition using ewt [mra,cfs,wfb,info] = ewt(sig, ... MaxNumPeaks=5, ... SegmentMethod='geomean', ... FrequencyResolution=0.0055, ... LogSpectrum=false); % Sum down the rows of the selected multiresolution signals sig2Copy = sum(mra(:,levelForReconstruction),2);
The columns in the MRA matrix
mra correspond to the passbands and approximation in the Level Selection pane. Plot the passbands, and confirm they are identical with those in the app.
numplots = size(mra,2); figure for k=1:numplots subplot(numplots,1,k) plot(mra(:,k)) if k~=numplots title(["Passband "+num2str(k)]) else title("Approx.") end axis tight end