State-space models specify the structure of unobserved dynamic processes, and the composition of the processes into observations. Econometrics Toolbox™ state-space functionality accommodates time-invariant or time-varying linear state-space models containing mean-zero Gaussian state disturbances and observation innovations. The initial state distributions can be stationary, constant, or diffuse.
You can create a standard or diffuse state-space model using
dssm, respectively. After
creating a state-space model, you can estimate any unknown parameters
using time-series data, obtain filtered states, smooth states, or
generate forecasts. To filter and smooth states, Econometrics
Toolbox implements the standard or diffuse Kalman filter.