# Rodrigues to Rotation Angles

Convert Euler-Rodrigues vector to rotation angles

• Library:
• Aerospace Blockset / Utilities / Axes Transformations

• ## Description

The Rodrigues to Rotation Angles block converts the three-element Euler-Rodrigues vector into rotation angles. The rotation used in this block is a passive transformation between two coordinate systems. For more information on Euler-Rodrigues vectors, see Algorithms.

## Ports

### Input

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Euler-Rodrigues vector determined from rotation angles.

Data Types: `double`

### Output

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Rotation angles, in radians, from which to determine the Euler-Rodrigues vector. Quaternion scalar is the first element.

Data Types: `double`

## Parameters

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Rotation order for three wind rotation angles.

For the 'ZYX', 'ZXY', 'YXZ', 'YZX', 'XYZ', and 'XZY' rotations, the block generates an R2 angle that lies between ±pi/2 radians (±90 degrees), and R1 and R3 angles that lie between ±pi radians (±180 degrees).

For the 'ZYZ', 'ZXZ', 'YXY', 'YZY', 'XYX', and 'XZX' rotations, the block generates an R2 angle that lies between 0 and pi radians (180 degrees), and R1 and R3 angles that lie between ±pi (±180 degrees). However, in the latter case, when R2 is 0, R3 is set to 0 radians.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: `rotationOrder` Type: character vector Values: `'ZYX'` | `'ZYZ'` |`'ZXY'` | `'ZXZ'` | `'YXZ'` | `'YXY'` | `'YZX'` | `'YZY'` | `'XYZ'` | `'XYX'` | `'XZY'` | `'XZX'` Default: `'ZYX'`

## Algorithms

An Euler-Rodrigues vector $\stackrel{⇀}{b}$ represents a rotation by integrating a direction cosine of a rotation axis with the tangent of half the rotation angle as follows:

`$\stackrel{\to }{b}=\left[\begin{array}{ccc}{b}_{x}& {b}_{y}& {b}_{z}\end{array}\right]$`

where:

`$\begin{array}{l}{b}_{x}=\mathrm{tan}\left(\frac{1}{2}\theta \right){s}_{x},\\ {b}_{y}=\mathrm{tan}\left(\frac{1}{2}\theta \right){s}_{y},\\ {b}_{z}=\mathrm{tan}\left(\frac{1}{2}\theta \right){s}_{z}\end{array}$`

are the Rodrigues parameters. Vector $\stackrel{⇀}{s}$ represents a unit vector around which the rotation is performed. Due to the tangent, the rotation vector is indeterminate when the rotation angle equals ±pi radians or ±180 deg. Values can be negative or positive.

 Dai, J.S. "Euler-Rodrigues formula variations, quaternion conjugation and intrinsic connections." Mechanism and Machine Theory, 92, 144-152. Elsevier, 2015.

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