The AVIRIS data sometimes is provided uncropped. This creates edge regions with values of "-50". Shown is AVIRIS Moffett Field image Layer 1 (400nm) and a zoom of the top-right corner. The dark blue on the edges is non-imaged ground.
To expedite processing a mask can be employed. For compression a bit mask is applicable. The challenge is to create a bit mask for this image and some other test cases.
Input: m ( 2-D uint16 array with zero and non-zero values )
Output: bmv (uint8 bit map vector with 0s at a==0 and 1s for a>0 locations)
Note: Input arrays may not be modulo 8. Append 0s as needed.
This bit mask saves 5% of total image size, yet is itself highly wasteful for compression since only the edges are impacted. A follow-up challenge will be to find the maximum-area non-zero inscribed rectangle.