# Create a moving average

조회 수: 533(최근 30일)
Dirk 28 Jun 2013
댓글: arman arefi 27 Mar 2020
Hi There, How can I calculate a moving average for a column of data. For instance i want to average the 50 points either side of each data point in my column. Thanks

#### 댓글 수: 1

arman arefi 27 Mar 2020
You can use Moving Average Function in the FileExchange. Please find the link below:

### 채택된 답변

Andrei Bobrov 28 Jun 2013
L = filter(ones(101,1)/101,1,[A(:) zeros(50,1)]);
out = L(51:end);

### 추가 답변(5개)

Image Analyst 28 Jun 2013
편집: Image Analyst 28 Jun 2013
For a 1D column vector:
movingAverage = conv(yourSignal, ones(101,1)/101, 'same');
For a 2D array of columns:
movingAverage = conv2(yourSignal, ones(101,1)/101, 'same');
If you don't want the central pixel to be included in the average and have ONLY the 50 on either side, use
kernel = ones(101,1)/100;
kernel(51) = 0;
movingAverage = conv(yourSignal, kernel, 'same');
Same for a 2D matrix except use conv2 instead of conv. conv() and conv2() are highly optimized and very fast.

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표시 이전 댓글 수: 1
Image Analyst 29 Nov 2017
You divide by however many 1's there are in the kernel. If you don't then you're not getting the average. Remember the average is the sum divided by the number of elements in the sum. If you didn't have 101, then you'd simply be summing 101 values and the resulting image would be 101 times as bright rather than in the same intensity range as the original.
Nuchto 30 Nov 2017
So you could use ones(101,1) first, and onces it is convolved you can divide by 101?
Image Analyst 30 Nov 2017
Yes.

Grzegorz Knor 7 Apr 2017
From MATLAB R2016a there is a function movmean which does not require additional toolboxes.

#### 댓글 수: 1

Image Analyst 7 Apr 2017
True, and it offers some edge handling options ('shrink', 'discard', 'fill') that conv2() does not have.
conv2() also does not require any toolboxes because it's in base MATLAB.

Marc 28 Jun 2013
If you have the financial toolbox, doc movavg()....
[Short, Long] = movavg(Asset, Lead, Lag, Alpha)

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the cyclist 28 Jun 2013
This page of the MATLAB documentation has an example of using the filter() command to calculate a moving average:

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Dirk 28 Jun 2013
Thanks. The filter function is set to average data from the previous n measurements. Is there a simple way to specify a different averaging criteria? Thanks