Memory usage very high

조회 수: 323(최근 30일)
Julia Rhyins
Julia Rhyins 2019년 11월 22일
댓글: Bruno Luong 2021년 12월 30일
I always have problems with matlab (R2019b) using too much memory (way more than the variables I have saved). Currently I'm running a function to extract data from a number of structures. I paused the function because the level of RAM being used just doesn't make any sense. Task manager says that Matlab is using 4.7gb of memory, even though I'm not running anything right now. The total size of all the variables in my workspace is ~0.055gb and I have no figure windows open. The only two programs I have running on my computer are Matlab and Task Manager. Is there any reason that Matlab would be using so much memory and is there a way for me to reduce it?

답변(3개)

Jan
Jan 2019년 11월 22일
편집: Jan 2021년 12월 29일
How do you observe the memory consumption? The Taskmanager displays the memory reserved for Matlab. If Matlab allocates memory and releases it afterwards, this is not necessarily free'd directly. As long as no other application asks for the memory, it is efficient to keep its status.
Does it cause any troubles, that the OS reserves 4.7GB RAM for Matlab? Why to you say, that this is "too much" memory?
Although the current consumption of memory is small, growing arrays can need much more memory. Example:
x = [];
for k = 1:1e6
x(k) = k;
end
Although the final array x occupies 8MB of RAM only (plus about 100 Bytes for the header), the intermediate need fro RAM is much higher: sum(1:1e6)*8 bytes = 4 TerraBytes. Explanation: If x=[1], the next step x(2)=2 duplicates the former array and appends a new element. Although the intermediately used memory is released, there is no guranateed time limit for the freeing.
Can you post some code, which reproduces the problem.
  댓글 수: 12
Bruno Luong
Bruno Luong 2021년 12월 30일
"When "clear" is used, then in all points after that in the code, MATLAB has to mark the variable as being of unknown type and re-look-up methods for it each time "
It does not make sense to me. The analyser should be able to know the type of variable when it will be create again after clear.
And might be the analyzer won't be able to akways track the type without clear, for instant the branch decision depending on execution value, or burried deep inside class method or function.

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Jose Sanchez
Jose Sanchez 2020년 1월 28일
I am having a similiar issue while running on an HPC cluster.
My University cluster allow me using up to 520 workers where each HPC node (4 workers) has 8 GB RAM. I controlled that the RAM consumed inside my parfor loop were no higher than 500 MB. However, when I run in the cluster using 100 parallel processes, the cluster crash with "Out of Memory" error.
Then, I did a test running locally on my PC (32 GB RAM) and I can see clearly that every worker is consuming over 2 GB of RAM, which is more than 5 times the amount of RAM consumed within each PARFOR.
In my opinion, clearly, MATLAB is doing something that is not working as expected! I didn't notice this issue in the HPC MATLAB version 2017a despite using our cluster very often.
  댓글 수: 4
tianyuan wang
tianyuan wang 2020년 7월 30일
I have the same problem.If I call MATLAB on the control node of HPC (one control node, 17 computing nodes, distributed memory) to process the super large matrix, can the new version of MATLAB solve the problem of insufficient memory for single node?

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Christian Schwermer
Christian Schwermer 2020년 8월 16일
Hello,
MATLAB doesn't release memory, if you didn't declare the variable as output for the function.
best regards
  댓글 수: 4
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2020년 8월 19일
Or if there is a leak it is in the image acquisition software.

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