Packing and Unpacking Messages

조회 수: 10(최근 30일)
Scott 2022년 7월 18일
댓글: Scott 2022년 7월 20일
The CAN Pack/Unpack blocks provide a mechanism to specify the structure of a message using the signals table containining the field name, start bit, length etc for each value sent.
Are there similar blocks that provide the same mechanism for specifiying the message format but that aren't specifically for sending CAN messages?
I have a model to update which currently does all of the bit packing/shifting/concatenation in a very manual and time consuming way.
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Scott 2022년 7월 20일
@Dimitri MANKOV Thanks for replying. I'm looking to generate messages for an RS485 based protocol and will be using a Speedgoat Real-time PC with one of their RS485 cards.

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Dimitri MANKOV
Dimitri MANKOV 2022년 7월 20일
Hi Scott,
There are different formats used by serial devices to send and receive data. The Simulink model thus must be able to produce (send) and understand (receive) data in the required format. Simulink is designed to handle numerical data, while the actual serial data may be strings or bytes of data in a particular format. This means that some encoding/decoding using blocks included with Simulink Real-Time is necessary. Configuration of the lower-level serial protocol may also be needed, depending on the external device requirements.
Typically, serial devices communicate using either:
  • Binary format: data is packed into bytes, in a format specified by the device. You cannot interpret the data just by looking at the stream of bytes and must have knowledge about the format to encode/decode it properly.
  • ASCII format: device sends strings back and forth, which are usually user-readable.
There are several Simulink Real-Time examples showing how this encoding can be done here. In addition, Speedgoat recently released a series of product examples with their latest I/O Blockset version (v9.4.1), including an example showing a typical RS485 configuration. You can check them out here.
I hope this is helpful!
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Scott 2022년 7월 20일
@Dimitri MANKOV Misusing the CAN pack block was my backup option.
I'm hesitant to use mux/concatenate block to create the message given the size of the messages and the complexity of changing the model if a new parameter is added. It can be quite slow to build up these messages byte-by-byte dragging and dropping mux blocks around.

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