How to separate pixels with same RGB value in cell array?

조회 수: 2 (최근 30일)
sr9497 2022년 3월 5일
댓글: Image Analyst 2022년 3월 19일
I have an image "example" with different RGB color values. I have identified the RGB values of each pixel and have stored the coordinates, called x and y, in cell arrays of different sizes. I need to find the center of each shape that is created by pixels with a certain RGB value. By storing the values in cells I know how many pixels belong to a certain color area and I can take the mean of the coordinates.
However, one of the RGB values occurs twice in the image, in shapes that are not connected. This means that the center point is not correct. Can my current method be changed so I can correctly identify the center point of both the shapes?
Any help or suggestion will be appreciated.

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Image Analyst
Image Analyst 2022년 3월 5일
Why complicate things with a cell array? No way you should do that.
Simply use the ColorThresholder (use HSV color space, it's on the Apps tab of the tool ribbon) to identify yellow, then export the function. Call the function to get the mask, and then call regionprops() to get the centroid.
  댓글 수: 3
sr9497 2022년 3월 6일
Thank you for the help!
Image Analyst
Image Analyst 2022년 3월 19일
See full demo below:
% Demo by Image Analyst to find centroids of blue blobs.
clc; % Clear the command window.
close all; % Close all figures (except those of imtool.)
workspace; % Make sure the workspace panel is showing.
format long g;
format compact;
fontSize = 16;
fprintf('Beginning to run %s.m ...\n', mfilename);
% Read in image.
folder = pwd;
baseFileName = 'coloredchips.png';
fullFileName = fullfile(folder, baseFileName);
% Check if file exists.
if ~exist(fullFileName, 'file')
% The file doesn't exist -- didn't find it there in that folder.
% Check the entire search path (other folders) for the file by stripping off the folder.
fullFileNameOnSearchPath = baseFileName; % No path this time.
if ~exist(fullFileNameOnSearchPath, 'file')
% Still didn't find it. Alert user.
errorMessage = sprintf('Error: %s does not exist in the search path folders.', fullFileName);
rgbImage = imread(fullFileName);
[rows, columns, numberOfColorChannels] = size(rgbImage)
% Display the original RGB image.
subplot(2, 1, 1);
imshow(rgbImage, []);
axis('on', 'image');
hp = impixelinfo(); % Set up status line to see values when you mouse over the image.
caption = sprintf('Original RGB Image : "%s"\n%d rows by %d columns', baseFileName, rows, columns);
title(caption, 'FontSize', fontSize, 'Interpreter', 'None');
hp = impixelinfo(); % Set up status line to see values when you mouse over the image.
% Set up figure properties:
% Enlarge figure to full screen.
hFig1 = gcf;
hFig1.Units = 'Normalized';
hFig1.WindowState = 'maximized';
% Get rid of tool bar and pulldown menus that are along top of figure.
% set(gcf, 'Toolbar', 'none', 'Menu', 'none');
% Give a name to the title bar.
hFig1.Name = 'Demo by Image Analyst';
% Get the blue chips.
mask = createMask(rgbImage);
% Display the mask image.
subplot(2, 1, 2);
imshow(mask, []);
axis('on', 'image');
hp = impixelinfo(); % Set up status line to see values when you mouse over the image.
caption = sprintf('Mask Image');
title(caption, 'FontSize', fontSize, 'Interpreter', 'None');
% Measure centroids
props = regionprops(mask, 'Centroid');
xy = vertcat(props.Centroid)
xCentroids = xy(:, 1);
yCentroids = xy(:, 2);
% Display the centroids over the image
hold on;
for k = 1 : length(props)
thisx = xCentroids(k);
thisy = yCentroids(k);
str = sprintf(' Blob #%d at (%.1f, %.1f)', k, thisx, thisy)
plot(thisx, thisy, 'r+', 'LineWidth', 2, 'MarkerSize', 20);
text(thisx, thisy, str, 'HorizontalAlignment','left', 'VerticalAlignment','middle', ...
'FontSize', 18,'FontWeight','bold', 'Color', 'r')
hold off;
function [BW,maskedRGBImage] = createMask(RGB)
%createMask Threshold RGB image using auto-generated code from colorThresholder app.
% [BW,MASKEDRGBIMAGE] = createMask(RGB) thresholds image RGB using
% auto-generated code from the colorThresholder app. The colorspace and
% range for each channel of the colorspace were set within the app. The
% segmentation mask is returned in BW, and a composite of the mask and
% original RGB images is returned in maskedRGBImage.
% Auto-generated by colorThresholder app on 19-Mar-2022
% Convert RGB image to chosen color space
I = rgb2hsv(RGB);
% Define thresholds for channel 1 based on histogram settings
channel1Min = 0.501;
channel1Max = 0.787;
% Define thresholds for channel 2 based on histogram settings
channel2Min = 0.754;
channel2Max = 1.000;
% Define thresholds for channel 3 based on histogram settings
channel3Min = 0.692;
channel3Max = 1.000;
% Create mask based on chosen histogram thresholds
sliderBW = (I(:,:,1) >= channel1Min ) & (I(:,:,1) <= channel1Max) & ...
(I(:,:,2) >= channel2Min ) & (I(:,:,2) <= channel2Max) & ...
(I(:,:,3) >= channel3Min ) & (I(:,:,3) <= channel3Max);
BW = sliderBW;
% Initialize output masked image based on input image.
maskedRGBImage = RGB;
% Set background pixels where BW is false to zero.
maskedRGBImage(repmat(~BW,[1 1 3])) = 0;

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