# amplitude of (signal) after FFT operation?

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Mary Jon . 2014년 11월 15일
답변: Frantz Bouchereau . 2021년 7월 29일
I have this code, I am suppose sin of amplitude 10 with frequency 200hz and sampling frequency 20000 hz and do FFT on this signal,
why the Amplitude after FFT is 1000?? where the amplitude must be stay 10
Fs = 20000;
t = 0:1/Fs:0.01;
fc1=200;
x = 10*sin(pi*fc1*t)
x=x';
xFFT = abs(fft(x));
xDFT_psd = abs(fft(x).^2);
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Ait m'barek Soufiane 2017년 8월 2일
Hi.. I have the same qst, did you find the answer?

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### 채택된 답변

Matt 2014년 11월 15일
편집: Matt 님. 2014년 11월 17일
Mary,
In general, to return a FFT amplitude equal to the amplitude signal which you input to the FFT, you need to normalize FFTs by the number of sample points you're inputting to the FFT.
Fs = 20000;
t = 0:1/Fs:0.01;
fc1=200;
x = 10*sin(pi*fc1*t)
x=x';
xFFT = abs(fft(x))/length(x);
xDFT_psd = abs(fft(x).^2);
Note that doing this will divide the power between the positive and negative sides, so if you are only going to look at one side of the FFT, you can multiply the xFFT by 2, and you'll get the magnitude of 10 that you're expecting.
The fft documentation has a pretty good example that illustrates this and some other fft best practices.
*Edited for clarity, - see Matt J's comment for the original statement.
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632541 2021년 4월 21일
Hi Matt J,
That's true if the FFT is being used to compute Fourier Series coefficients. If the idea is to approximate a continuous Fourier Transform integral, the FFT needs to be scaled by the time sampling interval 1/Fs. If the idea is to preserve signal energy (Pareseval's theorem), the FFT needs to be normalized by 1/sqrt(N).
How do I decide which one to use ?
Guanjiang Chen 2021년 5월 11일
Could anyone please tell me what 'a FFT amplitude equal to the amplitude signal which you input to the FFT' mean? What is the amplitude of signal I input? which set will affects the amplitude of input signal? the sample number or the sample frequency?

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### 추가 답변 (3개)

Matt J 2014년 11월 16일
편집: Matt J 님. 2014년 11월 16일
You also have to be careful about how you design your frequency space sampling. In your current code, the frequency sampling interval is Fs/length(t)=99.5025 Hz. But the frequency you are trying to sample is at 100 Hz, so your Fourier Space sampling will never hit this. And, because the spectrum is sharply peaked, you can get significant errors with this deviation.
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Matt J 2021년 4월 21일
@Kaveri A I think you've answered your own question. If your application expects discrete-space signal energy to be preserved, normalize by 1/sqrt(N).
632541 2021년 4월 23일
@Matt J My signal is taken from sensor with sampling frequency 50MSPs. And I need fourier coefficients from FFT . Which method do I apply?
1/N?
1/Fs?
1/sqrt(N)?
Which one?

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Brince Babu 2020년 11월 13일
I need to sample a analog real time signal first like a sin wave and then how to do fft in real time such that I can get the magnitude and phase angle of each of the sample
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Guanjiang Chen 2021년 5월 11일

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Frantz Bouchereau 2021년 7월 29일
There are various ways in which you can compute and plot true power spectrum or power spectral density in MATLAB (when I say 'true power spectrum' I mean that the output values correspond to actual power values).
1) If you want to compute the power spectrum without having to specify many parameters and want the function to choose the best parameters for you, you can use pspectrum. Calling the function without outputs will give you a plot with the computed power spectrum.
2) If you want to compute power spectrum or power spectral density and want full control over the window size, window overlap, window type, and number of FFT points, you can use the Welch periodogram pwelch function. Calling the function without outputs will give you a plot with the computed power spectrum.
3) If you want to just visualize the power spectrum, you can use the Signal Analyzer app. The app let's you visualize your signals simultaneously in the time, frequency, and time-frequency domains. You can zoom into signal regions of interest and analyze the spectra at those zoomed regions.
4) If you have split your signals into multiple signal frames you can use the Spectrum Analyzer scope.
Finally, here is a popular MATLAB doc page that explains the relationship between FFT and true power spectra: Power Spectral Density Estimates Using FFT.

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