# Can MATLAB recognized the name of a variable with input function?

조회 수: 1(최근 30일)
Ana D Chavez Gonzalez 2021년 9월 15일
편집: Stephen23 2021년 9월 15일
I haven't tried yet, but what I want to do is ask the user for an input. For example,
x = input('what is the name of the object?')
The user will only be able to input a certain name of objects. Let's say the user chose milk and in the code milk is as follows:
milk = 30;
Can MATLAB display 30?
##### 댓글 수: 1표시숨기기 없음
Stephen23 2021년 9월 15일
"Can MATLAB display 30?"
Yes, but your approach forces you into writing slow, complex, inefficient, obfuscated code which is difficult to debug. Here are two much better approaches, first is to use the fields of a structure (or you can do much the same with a table):
S.beer = [1,2,3];
S.milk = [4,5,6];
x = 'milk'; % user input
S.(x)
ans = 1×3
4 5 6
Second is to simply and very efficiently store the names as data in their own right (which of course as meta-data they are) and then use basic MATLAB indexing:
M = [1,2,3;4,5,6];
C = ["beer","milk"];
M(strcmpi(x,C),:)
ans = 1×3
4 5 6
Understanding that meta-data is data is an important step to writing better code.
Avoiding INPUT means that you can write testable, expandable, callable code.

댓글을 달려면 로그인하십시오.

### 채택된 답변

Chunru 2021년 9월 15일
It's possible but it should be avoided if possible.
milk = 30;
%x = input('what is the name of the object? ', 's') % use this in your program
x = 'milk'; % for the on-line version
if exist(x, 'var')
eval(x);
else
fprintf('The variable %s does not exist\n', x);
end
milk = 30
##### 댓글 수: 2표시숨기기 이전 댓글 수: 1
DGM 2021년 9월 15일
This is a brief explanation
This post explains issues with using eval(), and puts it in context with related topics regarding common usage patterns.

댓글을 달려면 로그인하십시오.

R2021a

### Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by