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Variant Sink

Route amongst multiple outputs using Variants

  • Library:
  • Simulink / Signal Routing

  • Variant Sink block

Description

The Variant Sink block has one input port and one or more output ports. You can define Variant choices as blocks that are connected to the output port so that, at most, one choice is active.

Each output port is associated with a Variant control. The Variant control that evaluates to true, determines which output port is active.

During simulation, Simulink® connects the active choice directly to the input port of the Variant Sink block and ignores the inactive choices.

Ports

Input

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Input signal, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix, to be connected to the active output port.

Data Types: single | double | half | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | Boolean | fixed point | enumerated | bus | struct

Output

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Output signal from the first Variant. The Variant control that evaluates to true, determines which output port is active.

Data Types: single | double | half | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | Boolean | fixed point | enumerated | bus

Output signal from the Nth Variant. The Variant control that evaluates to true, determines which output port is active.

Data Types: single | double | half | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | Boolean | fixed point | enumerated | bus

Parameters

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  • expression— To choose the active Variant based on the evaluation of the Variant conditions, use expression mode. The Variant control variables used in the Variant condition must be created in a global workspace or in a data dictionary.

  • Label— To choose the active Variant based on the name of the Variant you specify in the Label mode active choice parameter, use label mode. In label mode, the Variant control is a string and does not need to be created in any workspaces.

    When you select label mode, the Variant badge indicates the change.

    Note

    When you promote the Label mode active choice parameter to a mask, Variant control mode is disabled.

    • If the block is in expression mode while promoting the Label mode active choice parameter to a mask, you can change the Variant control mode to label by changing the promoted Label mode active choice parameter from the Mask dialog box.

    • If the block is in label mode while promoting the Label mode active choice parameter to a mask, you cannot change the Variant control mode to expression mode.

    For information about promoting parameters to masks, see Promote Parameter to Mask.

  • sim codegen switching— To automatically switch between the Variants for simulation and code generation workflows, use sim codegen switching mode. When you simulate (Normal , Accelerator, Rapid Accelerator) a model, then Simulink automatically chooses the sim branch as the active choice. Similarly, when you do a Software-in-the-loop (SIL), Processor-In-Loop (PIL) simulation or generate code or use external mode, Simulink automatically chooses the codegen branch.

    .

When you set this parameter to different values, the Variant badge changes as shown in Variant Badges.

Dependencies

The Variant activation time parameter is available only when you set the Variant control mode parameter to expression or sim codegen switching.

This parameter determines if Simulink sets the active choice of a Variant Sink block during update diagram or code compile. This parameter also determines which variability to include in the generated code for ERT targets. If you choose to include all the Variant choices, the choices are enclosed within C preprocessor conditional statements (#if and #endif) in the generated code.

When you set this parameter to different values, the variant badge changes as shown in Variant Badges.

You can set the Variant activation time parameter as:

  • update diagram— Simulink sets the active choice during update diagram before the propagation of signal attributes. Inactive choices are removed prior to propagation of signal attributes, so the generated code contains only active choice.

  • update diagram analyze all choices— Simulink sets the active choice during update diagram after the propagation of signal attributes. Signal attributes are propagated to both active and inactive choices. All choices are analyzed to ensure consistency of all variant branches between the results of simulation and code generation. Inactive choices are removed at the end of update diagram before model start occurs. The generated code contains only active choices. This workflow remains the same for simulation and code generation.

  • code compile— For simulation, the workflow is same as the update diagram analyze all choices. However, the inactive choices are not removed during code generation. The generated code contains active and inactive choices, and the choices are enclosed in C preprocessor conditional statements, #if and #endif.

This figure shows the Variant activation time for the different values you specify in this parameter.

For more information, see Represent Variant Source and Sink Blocks in Generated Code (Embedded Coder).

Dependencies

  • When you set the Variant control mode to expression, this parameter can be set to update diagram, update diagram analyze all choices, or code compile.

  • When you set the Variant control mode to sim codegen switching, this parameter can be set to either update diagram or update diagram analyze all choices. The code compile option becomes unavailable.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: VariantActivationTime
Type: character vector
Values: update diagram | update diagram analyze all choices |code compile
Default: update diagram

Number of the input port that is connected to one Variant choice upstream of the Variant Sink block. This value is read-only.

Click to add a port or to delete an existing one.

Displays the Variant controls available in the global workspace. The Variant control can be a Boolean condition expression or a Simulink.Variant object representing a Boolean condition expression. If you want to generate code for your model, you must define the control variables as MATLAB® variables.

To enter non-numeric Variant control values, use enumerated data. For information about using enumerated data, see Use Enumerated Data in Simulink Models

To enter a Variant name, double-click a Variant control expression cell in a new row and type in the Variant control expression. Click Apply after you edit a Variant control name. If you add or delete a Variant control without applying the changes, the previous edits on the Variant control name are lost.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: VariantControls
Type: cell array of character vectors
Values: Variant control that is associated with the Variant choice
Default: 'Variant'

Displays the Condition for the Variant controls that are Simulink.Variant objects. Create or change a Variant condition in the Simulink.Variant parameter dialog box or in the global workspace.

For more information, see Create Variant Controls Programmatically and Simulink.Variant.

When you select the Variant control mode as Label, the Label mode active choice option is available. You can select an active Variant choice from Label mode active choice options. You can also right-click the badge on the Variant Sink block and select Label Mode Active Choice.

The Label mode active choice drop-down list displays all Variant controls that are currently defined in the global workspace or a data dictionary. Use valid MATLAB identifiers to specify Variant controls. For more information, see Simulink.Variant.

Note

Label mode active choice option is not available in Expression mode.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, select Label mode.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: LabelModeActivechoice
Type: character vector
Values: Specified by the Variant control expression
Default: Choice_1

To simulate a model (containing a Variant block) without an active Variant choice, select the Allow zero active variant controls option. When this option is selected and there is no active Variant choice, Simulink disables all the blocks connected to the input and output stream of Variant Sink block. The removed blocks are ignored from update diagram or simulation.

If you do not select this option, Simulink generates an error when there is no active Variant choice.

When you select this option, the Variant badge indicates the change.

Dependencies

Expression option from Variant control mode is selected.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: AllowZeroVariantControls
Type: character vector
Values: 'off' | 'on'
Default: 'off'

When you select this option, Simulink annotates each Variant control (condition expression) on the Variant Sink block ports.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: ShowConditionOnBlock
Type: character vector
Values: 'off' | 'on'
Default: 'off'

Block Characteristics

Data Types

Boolean | bus | double | enumerated | fixed point | half | integer | single | string

Direct Feedthrough

no

Multidimensional Signals

no

Variable-Size Signals

no

Zero-Crossing Detection

no

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using Simulink® Coder™.

Fixed-Point Conversion
Design and simulate fixed-point systems using Fixed-Point Designer™.

Introduced in R2016a