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Convert vector from Cartesian components to spherical representation

`vs = cart2sphvec(vr,az,el)`

converts
the components of a vector or set of vectors, `vs`

= cart2sphvec(`vr`

,`az`

,`el`

)`vr`

,
from their representation in a local Cartesian coordinate system to
a *spherical basis representation* contained
in `vs`

. A spherical basis representation is the
set of components of a vector projected into a basis given by $$({\widehat{e}}_{az},{\widehat{e}}_{el},{\widehat{e}}_{R})$$.
The orientation of a spherical basis depends upon its location on
the sphere as determined by azimuth, `az`

, and
elevation, `el`

.