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Fixed-point numbers can be encoded according to the scheme

real-world value=(slope×integer)+bias

where the slope can be expressed as

slope=slope adjustment factor × 2fixed exponent

The integer is sometimes called the stored integer. This is the raw binary number, in which the binary point assumed to be at the far right of the word. In Fixed-Point Designer™ documentation, the negative of the fixed exponent is often referred to as the fraction length.

The slope and bias together represent the scaling of the fixed-point number. In a number with zero bias, only the slope affects the scaling. A fixed-point number that is only scaled by binary point position is equivalent to a number in [Slope Bias] representation that has a bias equal to zero and a slope adjustment factor equal to one. This is referred to as binary point-only scaling or power-of-two scaling:

real-world value=2fixed exponent×integer


real-world value=2-fraction length×integer

Fixed-Point Designer software supports both binary point-only scaling and [Slope Bias] scaling.


For examples of binary point-only scaling, see the Fixed-Point Designer Perform Binary-Point Scaling example.

For an example of how to compute slope and bias in MATLAB®, see Compute Slope and Bias