Transform IIR lowpass filter to IIR complex bandstop filter
iirlp2bsc(B,A,Wo,Wt) returns the numerator and denominator
of the target filter transformed from the real lowpass prototype by
applying a first-order real lowpass to complex bandstop frequency
It also returns the numerator,
and the denominator,
AllpassDen, of the allpass
mapping filter. The prototype lowpass filter is given with a numerator
B and the denominator specified by
This transformation effectively places one feature of an original
filter, located at frequency -Wo, at the required
target frequency location, Wt1, and the second
feature, originally at
at the new location, Wt2. It is assumed that
Wt2 is greater than Wt1.
Additionally the transformation swaps passbands with stopbands in
the target filter.
Relative positions of other features of an original filter do not change in the target filter. This means that it is possible to select two features of an original filter, F1 and F2, with F1 preceding F2. Feature F1 will still precede F2 after the transformation. However, the distance between F1 and F2 will not be the same before and after the transformation.
Choice of the feature subject to the lowpass to bandstop transformation is not restricted only to the cutoff frequency of an original lowpass filter. In general it is possible to select any feature; e.g., the stopband edge, the DC, the deep minimum in the stopband, or other ones.
Lowpass to bandpass transformation can also be used for transforming other types of filters; e.g., real notch filters or resonators can be doubled and positioned at two distinct desired frequencies at any place around the unit circle forming a pair of complex notches/resonators. This transformation can be used for designing bandstop filters for band attenuation or frequency equalizers, from the high-quality prototype lowpass filter.
Design a prototype real IIR lowpass elliptic filter with a gain of about –3 dB at 0.5π rad/sample.
[b,a] = ellip(3,0.1,30,0.409);
Create a complex bandstop filter by placing the cutoff frequencies of the prototype filter at –0.25π and 0.75π.
[num,den] = iirlp2bsc(b,a,0.5,[-0.25 0.75]);
Compare the magnitude responses of the filters using FVTool.
fvt = fvtool(b,a,num,den); legend(fvt,'Prototype','Target')
Numerator of the prototype lowpass filter
Denominator of the prototype lowpass filter
Frequency value to be transformed from the prototype filter. It should be normalized to be between 0 and 1, with 1 corresponding to half the sample rate.
Desired frequency locations in the transformed target filter. They should be normalized to be between -1 and 1, with 1 corresponding to half the sample rate.
Numerator of the target filter
Denominator of the target filter
Numerator of the mapping filter
Denominator of the mapping filter