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Analytical Expressions Used in BER Analysis

The analytical expressions derived for theoretical BER analysis vary based on communications system design constraints and assumptions. Separate sets of expressions are derived and used for AWGN or fading channels, coding, and synchronization. Upper or lower limit bounds or approximations are required to analyze the BER for a specified coding type, decoding decision, code rate, distance spectrum of the code, or synchronization imperfection.

For the analytical expressions used in error rate analysis, see:

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