# How to choose Spectrogram parameter ?

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omar thamer 2013년 10월 28일
댓글: Jeremy 2013년 10월 29일
I have a signal with 3Hz frequency and runs from 0:10 second. The signal is zeroed everywhere except from 2 to 4 and 7 to 8 second in the signal as per the image below. I tried to to get the spectrogram but it didn't give correct representation and accurate one. When i surf the spectrogram i can see the 3 signal but the time is shifted. How to choose the correct parameters for spectrogram ? My code:
t=0:1/50:10;
x=sin(2*pi*t*3);
x[1:100]=0;
x[200:350]=0;
x[400:501]=0;
[s,ff,tt,p]=spectrogram(x,50,25,2048,50);
surf(tt,ff,(p),'edgecolor','none'); axis tight; view(0,90);
Thank you
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omar thamer 2013년 10월 28일
another question: Below is the spectrogram for my signal. Ohnestly I can't do the interpretation. This signal is different and it runs from (1:1:515 Sec) and fs=1 and max freq is 0.5. the signal is triangular and have a mean of near zero.

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### 채택된 답변

Jeremy 2013년 10월 28일
편집: Jeremy 2013년 10월 28일
Where you set it to zero, you should be using parentheses and not brackets. not really sure what you were plotting since that syntax should just throw an error.
This should create what you would expect to see, two pulses at around 3 Hz
t=0:1/50:10;
x=sin(2*pi*t*3);
x(1:100)=0;
x(200:350)=0;
x(400:501)=0;
[s,ff,tt,p]=spectrogram(x,50,25,2048,50);
surf(tt,ff,(p),'edgecolor','none'); axis tight; view(0,90);
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omar thamer 2013년 10월 29일
Jeremy I got the spectrogram correct i was segmenting the signal incorrectly. Now how do you choose nfft (based on Length of total signal or length of each segment? ). More important, How do you make interpretation for the spectrogram above ? This is not for the signal am asking about ? Can you see any pattern recognition ?

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### 추가 답변 (1개)

Wayne King 2013년 10월 29일
NFFT is based on the length of the segment, not the length of the signal. Choosing the segment length is the most important parameter in the spectrogram because that determines and fixes your frequency resolution. Picking a value of NFFT greater than the segment length only provides an interpolation of the DFT estimates at the fundamental (Fourier) frequencies, it does not improve your frequency resolution.
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omar thamer 2013년 10월 29일
Jeremy your example is clear. Can you explain the spectrogram i attached above ? How is the frequency changing as a function of time ?
Jeremy 2013년 10월 29일
your spectrogram is very odd. it would appear there is something like a burst of a square wave with a consistent duration starting at random intervals. I'm not sure about the blue stripes, they are are consistent over time when there is no signal, they might be side lobes due to zero padding. There is also a DC component to the signal; it is not zero when there is no square wave.

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