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Package: classreg.learning.classif

Compact classification ensemble class


Compact version of a classification ensemble (of class ClassificationEnsemble). The compact version does not include the data for training the classification ensemble. Therefore, you cannot perform some tasks with a compact classification ensemble, such as cross validation. Use a compact classification ensemble for making predictions (classifications) of new data.


ens = compact(fullEns) constructs a compact decision ensemble from a full decision ensemble.

Input Arguments


A classification ensemble created by fitcensemble.



Categorical predictor indices, specified as a vector of positive integers. CategoricalPredictors contains index values indicating that the corresponding predictors are categorical. The index values are between 1 and p, where p is the number of predictors used to train the model. If none of the predictors are categorical, then this property is empty ([]).


List of the elements in Y with duplicates removed. ClassNames can be a numeric vector, vector of categorical variables, logical vector, character array, or cell array of character vectors. ClassNames has the same data type as the data in the argument Y. (The software treats string arrays as cell arrays of character vectors.)


Character vector describing how ens combines weak learner weights, either 'WeightedSum' or 'WeightedAverage'.


Square matrix, where Cost(i,j) is the cost of classifying a point into class j if its true class is i (the rows correspond to the true class and the columns correspond to the predicted class). The order of the rows and columns of Cost corresponds to the order of the classes in ClassNames. The number of rows and columns in Cost is the number of unique classes in the response. This property is read-only.


Expanded predictor names, stored as a cell array of character vectors.

If the model uses encoding for categorical variables, then ExpandedPredictorNames includes the names that describe the expanded variables. Otherwise, ExpandedPredictorNames is the same as PredictorNames.


Number of trained weak learners in ens, a scalar.


A cell array of names for the predictor variables, in the order in which they appear in X.


Numeric vector of prior probabilities for each class. The order of the elements of Prior corresponds to the order of the classes in ClassNames. The number of elements of Prior is the number of unique classes in the response. This property is read-only.


Character vector with the name of the response variable Y.


Function handle for transforming scores, or character vector representing a built-in transformation function. 'none' means no transformation; equivalently, 'none' means @(x)x. For a list of built-in transformation functions and the syntax of custom transformation functions, see fitctree.

Add or change a ScoreTransform function using dot notation:

ens.ScoreTransform = 'function'


ens.ScoreTransform = @function


A cell vector of trained classification models.

  • If Method is 'LogitBoost' or 'GentleBoost', then CompactClassificationEnsemble stores trained learner j in the CompactRegressionLearner property of the object stored in Trained{j}. That is, to access trained learner j, use ens.Trained{j}.CompactRegressionLearner.

  • Otherwise, cells of the cell vector contain the corresponding, compact classification models.


Numeric vector of trained weights for the weak learners in ens. TrainedWeights has T elements, where T is the number of weak learners in learners.


Logical matrix of size P-by-NumTrained, where P is the number of predictors (columns) in the training data X. UsePredForLearner(i,j) is true when learner j uses predictor i, and is false otherwise. For each learner, the predictors have the same order as the columns in the training data X.

If the ensemble is not of type Subspace, all entries in UsePredForLearner are true.

Object Functions

compareHoldoutCompare accuracies of two classification models using new data
edgeClassification edge for classification ensemble model
gatherGather properties of Statistics and Machine Learning Toolbox object from GPU
limeLocal interpretable model-agnostic explanations (LIME)
lossClassification loss for classification ensemble model
marginClassification margins for classification ensemble model
partialDependenceCompute partial dependence
plotPartialDependenceCreate partial dependence plot (PDP) and individual conditional expectation (ICE) plots
predictClassify observations using ensemble of classification models
predictorImportanceEstimates of predictor importance for classification ensemble of decision trees
removeLearnersRemove members of compact classification ensemble
shapleyShapley values

Copy Semantics

Value. To learn how value classes affect copy operations, see Copying Objects.


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Create a compact classification ensemble for efficiently making predictions on new data.

Load the ionosphere data set.

load ionosphere

Train a boosted ensemble of 100 classification trees using all measurements and the AdaBoostM1 method.

Mdl = fitcensemble(X,Y,Method="AdaBoostM1")
Mdl = 
             ResponseName: 'Y'
    CategoricalPredictors: []
               ClassNames: {'b'  'g'}
           ScoreTransform: 'none'
          NumObservations: 351
               NumTrained: 100
                   Method: 'AdaBoostM1'
             LearnerNames: {'Tree'}
     ReasonForTermination: 'Terminated normally after completing the requested number of training cycles.'
                  FitInfo: [100x1 double]
       FitInfoDescription: {2x1 cell}

Mdl is a ClassificationEnsemble model object that contains the training data, among other things.

Create a compact version of Mdl.

CMdl = compact(Mdl)
CMdl = 
             ResponseName: 'Y'
    CategoricalPredictors: []
               ClassNames: {'b'  'g'}
           ScoreTransform: 'none'
               NumTrained: 100

CMdl is a CompactClassificationEnsemble model object. CMdl is almost the same as Mdl. One exception is that CMdl does not store the training data.

Compare the amounts of space consumed by Mdl and CMdl.

mdlInfo = whos("Mdl");
cMdlInfo = whos("CMdl");
[mdlInfo.bytes cMdlInfo.bytes]
ans = 1×2

      895597      648755

Mdl consumes more space than CMdl.

CMdl.Trained stores the trained classification trees (CompactClassificationTree model objects) that compose Mdl.

Display a graph of the first tree in the compact ensemble.


Figure Classification tree viewer contains an axes object and other objects of type uimenu, uicontrol. The axes object contains 36 objects of type line, text. One or more of the lines displays its values using only markers

By default, fitcensemble grows shallow trees for boosted ensembles of trees.

Predict the label of the mean of X using the compact ensemble.

predMeanX = predict(CMdl,mean(X))
predMeanX = 1x1 cell array


For an ensemble of classification trees, the Trained property of ens stores an ens.NumTrained-by-1 cell vector of compact classification models. For a textual or graphical display of tree t in the cell vector, enter:

  • view(ens.Trained{t}.CompactRegressionLearner) for ensembles aggregated using LogitBoost or GentleBoost.

  • view(ens.Trained{t}) for all other aggregation methods.

Extended Capabilities

Version History

Introduced in R2011a

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