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Debug Run-Time Errors in a State Transition Table

A state transition table represents a finite state machine for sequential modal logic in tabular format. Instead of drawing states and transitions in a Stateflow® chart, you can use a state transition table to model a state machine in a concise, compact format that requires minimal maintenance of graphical objects. For more information, see Use State Transition Tables to Express Sequential Logic in Tabular Form.

Create the Model and the State Transition Table

  1. Create a Simulink® model with a new State Transition Table.

    sfnew -STT

  2. Add the following states and transitions to your table:

    State transition table with two top-level states called Normal and Alarm. Normal has three substates called Off, Warmup, and On.

    The table has two states at the highest level in the hierarchy, Power_off and Power_on. By default, Power_off is active. The event SWITCH toggles the system between the Power_off and Power_on states. Power_on has three substates: First, Second, and Third. By default, when Power_on becomes active, First also becomes active. When Shift equals 1, the system transitions from First to Second, Second to Third, and Third to First, for each occurrence of the event SWITCH. Then the pattern repeats.

  3. Add two inputs from Simulink:

    • An event called SWITCH with a scope of Input from Simulink and a Rising edge trigger.

    • A data called Shift with a scope of Input from Simulink.

  4. In the model view, connect a Sine Wave block as the SWITCH event and a Step block as the Shift data for your State Transition Table.

    Simulink model that contains a state transition table, a step block, and a sine wave block.

    In the model, there is an event input and a data input. A Sine Wave block generates a repeating input event that corresponds with the Stateflow event SWITCH. The Step block generates a repeating pattern of 1 and 0 that corresponds with the Stateflow data object Shift. Ideally, the SWITCH event occurs at a frequency that allows at least one cycle through First, Second, and Third.

Debug the State Transition Table

To debug the table in Create the Model and the State Transition Table, follow these steps:

  1. Right-click the Power_off state, and select Set Breakpoint > On State Entry.

  2. Start the simulation.

    Because you specified a breakpoint on Power_off, execution stops at that point.

  3. Move to the next step by clicking the Step In button, .

  4. To see the data used and the current values, hover your cursor over the different table cells.

    Continue clicking the Step In button and watching the animating states. After each step, watch the chart animation to see the sequence of execution. Use the tooltips to see the data values.

Single-stepping shows that the loop from First to Second to Third inside the state Power_on does not occur. The transition from Power_on to Power_off takes priority.

Correct the Run-Time Error

In Debug the State Transition Table, you step through a simulation of a state transition table and find an error. The event SWITCH drives the simulation, but the simulation time passes too quickly for the input data object Shift to have an effect.

To correct this error:

  1. Stop the simulation so that you can edit the table.

  2. Add the condition after(20.0, sec) to the transition from Power_on to Power_off.

    Modified state transition table.

    Now the transition from Power_on to Power_off does not occur until 20 seconds have passed.

  3. Begin simulation.

  4. Click the Step In button repeatedly to observe the fixed behavior.

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