Bit to Integer Converter
Map vector of bits to corresponding vector of integers
Libraries:
Simulink /
Logic and Bit Operations
Communications Toolbox /
Utility Blocks
HDL Coder /
Logic and Bit Operations
Description
The Bit to Integer Converter block maps groups of bits in the input vector to integers in the output vector.
If M is specified by the Number of bits per integer(M) parameter:
For unsigned integers, the block maps each group of M bits to an integer in the range [0, (2^{M} – 1)]. As a result, the output vector length is 1/M times the input vector length.
For signed integers, the block maps each group of M bits to an integer in the range [(–2^{M1}), (2^{M – 1} – 1)].
Ports
Input
In — Input signal
bit scalar  column vector of bits
Input signal, specified as a scalar or column vector of bits with a length that is a multiple of the value specified in the Number of bits per integer(M) parameter. The input must be bits with values of 0 or 1.
Data Types: double
Output
Out — Output signal
integer  column vector of integers
Output signal, returned as an integer or column vector of integers. The After bit packing, treat resulting integer values as parameter specifies whether input bits are treated as unsigned or signed.
When the input bits are treated as unsigned, each integer output is in the range [0, (2^{M} – 1)].
When the input bits are treated as signed, each integer output is in the range [(–2^{M1}), (2^{M – 1} – 1)].
Parameters
Number of bits per integer(M) — Number of bits per integer
3
(default)  integer in the range [1, 32]
Number of input bits mapped to each integer in the output, specified as an integer in the range [1, 32].
Programmatic Use
Block Parameter:
nbits 
Type: character vector 
Values: integer in the range [1, 32] 
Default:
'3' 
Input bit order — Input bit order
MSB first
(default)  LSB first
Input bit order, specified as 'MSB first'
or
'LSB first'
.
'MSB first'
–– First bit of the input signal is the most significant bit (MSB).'LSB first'
–– First bit of the input signal is the least significant bit (LSB).
Programmatic Use
Block Parameter:
bitOrder 
Type: character vector 
Values: 'MSB
first'  'LSB first' 
Default: 'MSB
first' 
After bit packing, treat resulting integer values as — Flag for signed integer values after bit packing
Unsigned
(default)  Signed
Specify whether the resulting integer values are treated as signed or unsigned after bit packing. This parameter setting determines which Output data type selections are available.
Tip
When this parameter is set to Unsigned
and
the block has an overflow, the block behaves as though After
bit packing, treat resulting integer values as is set to
Signed
.
Programmatic Use
Block Parameter:
signedOutputValues 
Type: character vector 
Values:
'Unsigned' 
'Signed' 
Default:
'Unsigned' 
Output data type — Output data type
Inherit via internal
rule
(default)  Smallest integer
 Same as input
 double
 single
 int8
 uint8
 int16
 uint16
 int32
 uint32
The Output data type options change depending on the desired signedness of the output.
If the output integers are Signed
, you can
choose from the following Output data type options:
Inherit via internal rule
Smallest integer
double
single
int8
int16
int32
If the output integers are Unsigned
, you can
choose from the following options in addition to the
Signed
options:
Same as input
uint8
uint16
uint32
When you set the parameter to Inherit via internal
rule
, the block determines the output data type based on
the input data type.
If the input signal is floatingpoint (either
double
orsingle
), the output data type is the same as the input data type.If the input data type is not floatingpoint, the output data type is determined as if the parameter is set to
Smallest integer
.
When you set the parameter to Smallest
integer
, the block selects the output data type based on
the settings used in the Hardware Implementation Pane of
the Configuration Parameters dialog box.
If you select
ASIC/FPGA
for the device vendor, the output data type is the smallest ideal integer or fixedpoint data type, based on the setting for the Number of bits per integer(M) parameter.For all other device vendor selections, the output data type is the smallest available (signed or unsigned) integer word length that is large enough to fit the ideal minimum bit size.
Programmatic Use
Block Parameter:
outDtype 
Type: character vector 
Values: 'Inherit via
internal rule'  'Smallest integer'
 'Same as input'  'double' 
'single'  'int8' 
'uint8'  'int16' 
'uint16'  'int32' 
'uint32' 
Default: 'Inherit via
internal rule' 
Block Characteristics
Data Types 

Direct Feedthrough 

Multidimensional Signals 

VariableSize Signals 

ZeroCrossing Detection 

^{a} Fixedpoint inputs must be ufix(1). ^{b} ufix(N) or sfix(N) when ASIC/FPGA is selected in the Hardware Implementation Pane and output datatype is set to either (a) Smallest integer or, (b) Inherit via internal rule and at the same time input is non floatingpoint. 
Extended Capabilities
C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using Simulink® Coder™.
HDL Code Generation
Generate VHDL, Verilog and SystemVerilog code for FPGA and ASIC designs using HDL Coder™.
HDL Coder™ provides additional configuration options that affect HDL implementation and synthesized logic.
This block has one default HDL architecture.
General  

ConstrainedOutputPipeline  Number of registers to place at
the outputs by moving existing delays within your design. Distributed
pipelining does not redistribute these registers. The default is

InputPipeline  Number of input pipeline stages
to insert in the generated code. Distributed pipelining and constrained
output pipelining can move these registers. The default is

OutputPipeline  Number of output pipeline stages
to insert in the generated code. Distributed pipelining and constrained
output pipelining can move these registers. The default is

Native Floating Point  

LatencyStrategy  Specify whether to map the blocks in your design to

CustomLatency  When LatencyStrategy is set to

The block supports these data types for HDL code generation:
Input Port  Dimension  FixedPoint  FloatingPoint  Builtin Integers  Bus  Boolean  Complex Signal 

In  Scalar Vector  Yes  Single Double  Yes  Yes  Yes  No 
This block has multicycle implementations that introduce additional latency in the generated code. To see the added latency, view the generated model or validation model. See Generated Model and Validation Model (HDL Coder).
FloatingPoint Latency
Architecture  FloatingPoint Type  Latency Strategy  Latency (in cycles)  Custom Latency Support 

default  Single  Min  6  Yes 
Max  6  
Double  Min  3  
Max  6 
Matrix input is not supported.
Version History
Introduced before R2006aR2022a: Bit to Integer Converter Block Added to Simulink Logic and Bit Operations Library
The Bit to Integer Converter block has been added from the Communications Toolbox > Utility Blocks library to the Simulink > Logic and Bit Operations library. All existing models continue to work.
MATLAB 명령
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