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2-D Solution and Gradient Plots with MATLAB® Functions

You can interpolate the solution and, if needed, its gradient in separate steps, and then plot the results by using MATLAB® functions, such as surf, mesh, quiver, and so on. For example, solve the same scalar elliptic problem -Δu=1 on the L-shaped membrane with zero Dirichlet boundary conditions. Interpolate the solution and its gradient, and then plot the results.

Create the PDE model, 2-D geometry, and mesh. Specify boundary conditions and coefficients. Solve the PDE problem.

model = createpde;
geometryFromEdges(model,@lshapeg);
applyBoundaryCondition(model,'dirichlet','edge',1:model.Geometry.NumEdges,'u',0);
c = 1;
a = 0;
f = 1;
specifyCoefficients(model,'m',0,'d',0,'c',c,'a',a,'f',f);
generateMesh(model,'Hmax',0.05);
results = solvepde(model);

Interpolate the solution and its gradients to a dense grid from -1 to 1 in each direction.

v = linspace(-1,1,101);
[X,Y] = meshgrid(v);
querypoints = [X(:),Y(:)]';
uintrp = interpolateSolution(results,querypoints);

Plot the resulting solution on a mesh.

uintrp = reshape(uintrp,size(X));
mesh(X,Y,uintrp)
xlabel('x')
ylabel('y')

Figure contains an axes. The axes contains an object of type surface.

Interpolate gradients of the solution to the grid from -1 to 1 in each direction. Plot the result using quiver.

[gradx,grady] = evaluateGradient(results,querypoints);
figure
quiver(X(:),Y(:),gradx,grady)
xlabel('x')
ylabel('y')

Zoom in to see more details. For example, restrict the range to [-0.2,0.2] in each direction.

axis([-0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.2])

Figure contains an axes. The axes contains an object of type quiver.

Plot the solution and the gradients on the same range.

figure
h1 = meshc(X,Y,uintrp);
set(h1,'FaceColor','g','EdgeColor','b')
xlabel('x')
ylabel('y')
alpha(0.5)
hold on

Z = -0.05*ones(size(X));
gradz = zeros(size(gradx));

h2 = quiver3(X(:),Y(:),Z(:),gradx,grady,gradz);
set(h2,'Color','r')
axis([-0.2,0.2,-0.2,0.2])

Figure contains an axes. The axes contains 3 objects of type surface, contour, quiver.

Slice of the solution plot along the line x = y.

figure
mesh(X,Y,uintrp)
xlabel('x')
ylabel('y')
alpha(0.25)
hold on

z = linspace(0,0.15,101);
Z = meshgrid(z);
surf(X,X,Z')

view([-20 -45 15])
colormap winter

Figure contains an axes. The axes contains 2 objects of type surface.

Plot the interpolated solution along the line.

figure
xq = v;
yq = v;
uintrp = interpolateSolution(results,xq,yq);

plot3(xq,yq,uintrp)
grid on
xlabel('x')
ylabel('y')

Interpolate gradients of the solution along the same line and add them to the solution plot.

[gradx,grady] = evaluateGradient(results,xq,yq);

gradx = reshape(gradx,size(xq));
grady = reshape(grady,size(yq));

hold on
quiver(xq,yq,gradx,grady)
view([-20 -45 75])

Figure contains an axes. The axes contains 2 objects of type line, quiver.