## Generate Target-Independent HDL Code with Native Floating-Point

HDL Coder™ native floating-point technology can generate target-independent HDL code from your floating-point design. You can synthesize your floating-point design on any generic FPGA or ASIC. Floating-point designs have better precision, higher dynamic range, and a shorter development cycle than fixed-point designs. If your design has complex math and trigonometric operations, use native floating-point technology.

### How HDL Coder Generates Target-Independent HDL Code

This figure shows how HDL Coder generates code with the native floating-point technology.

The `Unpack`

and `Pack`

blocks convert the
floating-point types to the sign, exponent, and mantissa. In the figure,
*S*, *E*, and *M* represent the sign,
exponent, and mantissa respectively. This interpretation is based on the IEEE-754 standard
of floating-point arithmetic.

The **Floating-Point Algorithm Implementation** block performs
computations on the *S*, *E*, and *M*.
With this conversion, the generated HDL code is target-independent. You can deploy the
design on any generic FPGA or an ASIC.

### Enable Native Floating Point and Generate Code

You can enable native floating point and generate HDL code from a Simulink^{®} model or MATLAB^{®} function.

#### Specify Native Floating Point for a Simulink Model

You can specify the native floating-point settings for HDL code generation in the Configuration Parameters dialog box or at the command line.

To specify the native floating-point settings and generate HDL code in the Configuration Parameters dialog box:

In the

**Apps**tab, select**HDL Coder**. The**HDL Code**tab appears.Click

**Settings**. In the**HDL Code Generation**>**Floating Point**pane, select**Use Floating Point**.Specify the

**Latency Strategy**to map your design to maximum or minimum latency or no latency. See Latency Strategy.If you have denormal numbers in your design, select

**Handle Denormals**. Denormal numbers are numbers that have an exponent field equal to zero and a nonzero mantissa field. See Handle Denormals.If your design has multipliers, to specify how you want HDL Coder to implement the multiplication operation, use the

**Mantissa Multiplier Strategy**. See Mantissa Multiplier Strategy.To share floating-point resources, on the

**HDL Code Generation**>**Optimizations**>**Resource Sharing**tab, make sure that you select**Floating-point IPs**. The number of blocks that get shared depends on the**SharingFactor**that you specify for the subsystem.Click

**Apply**. In the**HDL Code**tab, click**Generate HDL Code**.

To apply native floating point at the command line for HDL code generation, use the
`hdlcoder.createFloatingPointTargetConfig`

function. You can use this
function to create an `hdlcoder.FloatingPointTargetConfig`

object for the
native floating-point
library.

nfpconfig = hdlcoder.createFloatingPointTargetConfig('NATIVEFLOATINGPOINT'); hdlset_param('sfir_single', 'FloatingPointTargetConfiguration', nfpconfig);

Optionally, you can specify the latency strategy and whether you want HDL Coder to handle denormal numbers in your design:

nfpconfig.LibrarySettings.HandleDenormals = 'on'; nfpconfig.LibrarySettings.LatencyStrategy = 'MAX';

To learn how you can verify the generated code, see Verify the Generated Code from Native Floating-Point.

#### Specify Native Floating Point for a MATLAB Function

You can specify the native floating-point settings for HDL code generation by using the MATLAB HDL Workflow Advisor or the command line.

To specify the native floating-point settings in the MATLAB HDL Workflow Advisor:

Open the MATLAB HDL Workflow Advisor. To get started with the MATLAB HDL Workflow Advisor, see Basic HDL Code Generation and FPGA Synthesis from MATLAB.

In the left pane, click the

**HDL Code Generation**task. In the right pane, navigate to the**Floating Point**tab and set**Library**to`Native Floating Point`

.Click the

**Clocks & Ports**tab and set**Oversampling factor**to a value greater than one.Set

**Latency Strategy**to`MIN`

,`MAX`

, or`ZERO`

to map your design to minimum, maximum, or no latency, respectively. See Latency Strategy.If you have denormal numbers in your design, select

**Handle Denormals**. Denormal numbers are numbers that have an exponent field equal to zero and a nonzero mantissa field. See Handle Denormals.If your design has multipliers, specify how you want HDL Coder to implement the multiplication operation by using the

**Mantissa Multiplier Strategy**parameter. See Mantissa Multiplier Strategy.In the left pane, right-click on the

**HDL Code Generation**task and select**Run to Selected Task**.

To apply native floating point at the command line for HDL code generation, use the
`coder.config`

function to create a `coder.HdlConfig`

object for HDL code generation and the
`hdlcoder.createFloatingPointTargetConfig`

function to create an
`hdlcoder.FloatingPointTargetConfig`

object for
the native floating-point
library.

hdlcfg = coder.config("hdl"); nfpconfig = hdlcoder.createFloatingPointTargetConfig('NATIVEFLOATINGPOINT'); hdlcfg.FloatingPointLibrary = 'NativeFloatingPoint'; hdlcfg.FloatingPointTargetConfiguration = nfpconfig;

Optionally, you can specify the latency strategy and whether you want HDL Coder to handle denormal numbers in your design.

nfpconfig.LibrarySettings.HandleDenormals = 'on'; nfpconfig.LibrarySettings.LatencyStrategy = 'MAX';

### View Code Generation Report

To view the code generation reports of floating-point library mapping, before you begin
code generation, enable generation of the Resource Utilization Report and Optimization
Report. To enable the reports, on the **HDL Code** tab, click **Settings** > **Report Options**in the Configuration Parameters dialog box, on the **HDL Code
Generation** pane, enable **Generate resource utilization
report** and **Generate optimization report**. For more
information, see Create and Use Code Generation Reports.

To see the list of native floating-point operators that HDL Coder supports and the floating-point operators to which your Simulink blocks mapped to, in the Code Generation Report, select **Native
Floating-Point Resource Report**.

A detailed report shows the various resources that the floating-point blocks use on the target device that you specify. HDL code generation from a native floating point design uses dynamic shift operations for aligning mantissa based on exponent values. Because these dynamic shifters are resource-expensive in the model, they are reported separately from static shift operators. For more information on dynamic and static shifters, see Timing and Area Report.

To see the native floating-point settings that you applied to the model and whether
HDL Coder successfully generated HDL code, in the
Code Generation Report, select **Target Code Generation**.

### Analyze Results

Floating point operators have a latency. If your Simulink model does not have delays, when you generate HDL code, the code generator
figures out the operator latency and delay balances parallel paths. Consider this
Simulink model that has two `single`

inputs and gives a
`single`

output.

The MATLAB Function block in the Simulink model contains this code.

function y = fcn(u, w) %#codegen y1 = (u+w) * 20; y2 = w^16; y3 = (u-w) / 10; y = y1 + y2 - y3;

When you generate HDL code, the code generator maps the blocks in your Simulink model to synthesizable native floating-point operators. To see how the code
generator implemented the floating-point operations, open the generated model. The blocks
**NFP math**, **NFP Sqrt**, and
**NFP trig** correspond to the floating-point implementation
of the Reciprocal Sqrt, Reciprocal, sin, and
cos blocks respectively in your original model.

Every floating-point operator has a latency. The code generator inserted an additional
matching delay because the latency of the Reciprocal Sqrt is
`30`

and latency of Reciprocal is `31`

.
The operator latency is equal to the **Delay length** of the
Delay block inside that `NFP`

block. For example, if you
double-click the `NFP sqrt`

block, you can get the latency by looking at
the **Delay length** of the `Delay`

block. See Latency Values of Floating-Point Operators.

When you use MATLAB Function blocks with floating-point data types,
HDL Coder uses the `MATLAB Datapath`

architecture. This architecture
treats the MATLAB Function block like a regular Subsystem
block. When you generate code, the code generator maps the basic operations such as addition
and multiplication to the corresponding native floating-point operators. Open the
`MATLAB Function`

subsystem to see how the code generator implemented the
MATLAB Function block.

To learn more about the generated model, see Generated Model and Validation Model.

### Limitation

To generate HDL code in native floating-point mode, use discrete sample times. Blocks operating at a continuous sample time are not supported.