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Compare GARCH Models Using Likelihood Ratio Test

This example shows how to conduct a likelihood ratio test to choose the number of lags in a GARCH model.

Load Data

Load the Deutschmark/British pound foreign-exchange rate data included with the toolbox. Convert the daily rates to returns.

load Data_MarkPound
Y = Data;
r = price2ret(Y); 
N = length(r);

title('Mark-Pound Exchange Rate Returns')

The daily returns exhibit volatility clustering. Large changes in the returns tend to cluster together, and small changes tend to cluster together. That is, the series exhibits conditional heteroscedasticity.

The returns are of relatively high frequency. Therefore, the daily changes can be small. For numerical stability, scale the data to percentage returns.

r = 100*r;

Fit GARCH(1,1) Model

Create and fit a GARCH(1,1) model (with a mean offset) to the returns series. Return the value of the loglikelihood objective function.

Mdl1 = garch('Offset',NaN,'GARCHLags',1,'ARCHLags',1);
[EstMdl1,~,logL1] = estimate(Mdl1,r);
    GARCH(1,1) Conditional Variance Model with Offset (Gaussian Distribution):
                  Value       StandardError    TStatistic      PValue  
                __________    _____________    __________    __________

    Constant      0.010761       0.001323         8.1342     4.1454e-16
    GARCH{1}       0.80597        0.01656         48.669              0
    ARCH{1}        0.15313       0.013974         10.959     6.0379e-28
    Offset      -0.0061904      0.0084336       -0.73402        0.46294

Fit GARCH(2,1) Model

Create and fit a GARCH(2,1) model with a mean offset.

Mdl2 = garch(2,1);
Mdl2.Offset = NaN;
[EstMdl2,~,logL2] = estimate(Mdl2,r);
    GARCH(2,1) Conditional Variance Model with Offset (Gaussian Distribution):
                  Value       StandardError    TStatistic      PValue  
                __________    _____________    __________    __________

    Constant      0.011226       0.001538         7.2992     2.8947e-13
    GARCH{1}       0.48964        0.11159         4.3878     1.1453e-05
    GARCH{2}       0.29769        0.10218         2.9133      0.0035759
    ARCH{1}        0.16842       0.016583         10.156     3.1158e-24
    Offset      -0.0049837      0.0084765       -0.58795        0.55657

Conduct Likelihood Ratio Test

Conduct a likelihood ratio test to compare the restricted GARCH(1,1) model fit to the unrestricted GARCH(2,1) model fit. The degree of freedom for this test is one (the number of restrictions).

[h,p] = lratiotest(logL2,logL1,1)
h = logical

p = 0.0218

At the 0.05 significance level, the null GARCH(1,1) model is rejected (h = 1) in favor of the unrestricted GARCH(2,1) alternative.

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