Finely Control Data Representation by Writing TLC Code for a Storage Class
If creating your own storage class by using the properties in an Embedded Coder Dictionary
or the Custom Storage Class Designer does not meet your requirements for controlling data
representation in the generated code, you can write TLC code that explicitly controls the
effect that a storage class has on the code. For example, to create
a storage class that yields arbitrarily nested structures, you must write TLC code. In the
Custom Storage Class Designer, these advanced storage classes have Type
Other. You cannot create such a storage class in an Embedded
Coder Dictionary, so to use the storage class in the Code Mappings editor, you must configure
the dictionary of the model to refer to the package that contains the storage class, as
described in Refer to Code Generation Definitions in a Package.
For an example, see Generate Code That Dereferences Data from a Literal Memory Address. For general information about TLC code, see Why Use the Target Language Compiler?.
Create Custom Attributes Class for Storage Class
As described in Allow Users of Storage Class to Specify Property Value, instance-specific
properties enable users of a storage class to control the effect
that the storage class has on each data item. For example, the built-in storage class
ExportToFile has several instance-specific properties such as
Header file and Definition file.
When you create a storage class with Type set to
Other, to add your own instance-specific properties that are
not built into the Custom Storage Class Designer, create a custom attributes
class for your package. A custom attributes class is a MATLAB® class that you create as a subclass of
Simulink.CustomStorageClassAttributes. Each property that you add to your
custom attributes class appears to the user of the storage class as an instance-specific
To create your custom attributes class, see Define Data Classes.
Write TLC Code for Storage Class
To control the effect of your storage class, write TLC code that specifies the code to generate for each data item.
In your package folder (for example,
+myPackage), create a
Copy a TLC template such as
TEMPLATE_v2.tlcfrom the folder matlabroot
/toolbox/rtw/targets/ecoder/csc_templates(open) into your
Write your TLC code, following the comments in the template file. The comments describe how to specify, for example, how the generated code declares, defines, and accesses (by value or by reference) each data item.
Create Storage Class by Using Custom Storage Class Designer
To create your storage class in your package, you open the Custom Storage Class Designer in an advanced mode.
At the command prompt, enter:
Select your package and create a storage class.
For the storage class, set Type to
Other. In the Other Attributes pane, specify the name of your TLC file and the name of your custom attributes class.
Set the properties on the Other Attributes pane.
Is grouped: Select this option if you intend to combine multiple data items into a single entity in the generated code. For example, the built-in storage classes
Structare grouped because they can aggregate multiple data items into a single structure variable.
TLC file name: Enter the name of your TLC file. The Custom Storage Class Designer assumes that the file exists in the package
tlcfolder, so specify only the name of the file, not the file path.
CSC attributes class name: (optional) If you created a custom attributes class, enter the full name of the class, including the package name. For example, specify
myPackage.myCustomAttsClass. For more information, see Create Custom Attributes Class for Storage Class.
On the General and Comments panes, specify values for the remaining properties.
To apply the storage class to data objects, you create the data objects from your package and configure the objects to use your storage class. For more information on applying a custom storage class to data objects, see Apply Storage Class. To apply the storage class in a model by using the Code Mappings editor, you must configure the Embedded Coder Dictionary that the model uses to refer to your package. When you refer to the package, the storage class appears in the Embedded Coder Dictionary and becomes available in the Code Mappings editor. For more information, see Refer to Code Generation Definitions in a Package.
- Target Language Compiler Basics
- Generate Code That Dereferences Data from a Literal Memory Address
- Create Storage Classes by Using the Custom Storage Class Designer
- Organize Parameter Data into a Structure by Using Struct Storage Class
- Define Service Interfaces, Storage Classes, Memory Sections, and Function Templates for Software Architecture
- Data Object Information in model.rtw File