CPFSK Demodulator Baseband
Demodulate CPFSKmodulated data
Library
CPM, in Digital Baseband sublibrary of Modulation
Description
The CPFSK Demodulator Baseband block demodulates a signal that was modulated using the continuous phase frequency shift keying method. The input to this block is a baseband representation of the modulated signal. The Mary number parameter, M, is the size of the input alphabet. M must have the form 2^{K} for some positive integer K.
This block supports multih Modulation index. See CPM Modulator Baseband for details.
IntegerValued Signals and BinaryValued Signals
When you set the Output type parameter to
Integer
, then the block produces odd integers between
(M1) and M1.
When you set the Output type parameter to
Bit
, then the block produces groupings of
K bits. Each grouping is called a binary
word.
In binary output mode, the block first maps each input symbol to an intermediate
value as in the integer output mode. The block then maps the odd integer k to the
nonnegative integer (k+M1)/2. Finally, the block maps each nonnegative integer to a
binary word, using a mapping that depends on whether the Symbol set
ordering parameter is set to Binary
or
Gray
.
This block accepts a scalarvalued or column vector input signal with a data type
of single
or double
.
SingleRate Processing
In singlerate processing mode, the input and output signals have the same port sample time. The block implicitly implements the rate change by making a size change at the output when compared to the input. The input width must be an integer multiple of the Samples per symbol parameter value, and the input can be a column vector.
When you set Output type to
Bit
, the output width is K times the number of input symbols.When you set Output type to
Integer
, the output width is the number of input symbols.
Multirate Processing
In multirate processing mode, the input and output signals have different port sample times. The input must be a scalar. The output symbol time is the product of the input sample time and the Samples per symbol parameter value.
When you set Output type to
Bit
, the output width equals the number of bits per symbol.When you set Output type to
Integer
, the output is a scalar.
Traceback Depth and Output Delays
Internally, this block creates a trellis description of the modulation scheme and uses the Viterbi algorithm. The Traceback depth parameter, D, in this block is the number of trellis branches that the algorithm uses to construct each traceback path. D influences the output delay, which is the number of zero symbols that precede the first meaningful demodulated value in the output.
When you set the Rate options parameter to
Allow multirate processing
, and the model uses a variablestep solver or a fixedstep solver with the Tasking Mode parameter set toSingleTasking
, then the delay consists of D+1 zero symbols.When you set the Rate options parameter to
Enforce singlerate processing
, then the delay consists of D zero symbols.
The optimal Traceback depth parameter value is dependent on minimum squared Euclidean distance calculations. Alternatively, a typical value, dependent on the number of states, can be chosen using the “fivetimestheconstraintlength” rule, which corresponds to 5·log2(numStates).
For the definition of the number of states, see CPM Demodulator Baseband Help page.
Parameters
 Mary number
The size of the alphabet.
 Output type
Determines whether the output consists of integers or groups of bits.
 Symbol set ordering
Determines how the block maps each integer to a group of output bits. This field is active only when Output type is set to
Bit
. Modulation index
Specify the modulation index {h_{i}}. The default is
0.5
. The value of this property must be a real, nonnegative scalar or column vector.This block supports multih Modulation index. See CPM Modulator Baseband for details.
 Phase offset (rad)
The initial phase of the modulated waveform.
 Samples per symbol
The number of input samples that represent each modulated symbol, which must be a positive integer. For more information, see Signal Upsampling and Rate Changes in Communications Toolbox™ User's Guide.
 Rate options
Select the rate processing method for the block.
Enforce singlerate processing
— When you select this option, the input and output signals have the same port sample time. The block implements the rate change by making a size change at the output when compared to the input. The output width is the number of symbols (which is given by dividing the input length by the Samples per symbol parameter value when the Output type parameter is set toInteger
).Allow multirate processing
— When you select this option, the input and output signals have different port sample times. The output period is the same as the symbol period and equals the product of the input period and the Samples per symbol parameter value.
For more information, see SingleRate Processing and Multirate Processing in the Description section of this page.
 Traceback depth
The number of trellis branches that the CPFSK Demodulator Baseband block uses to construct each traceback path.
 Output datatype
The output data type can be
boolean
,int8
,int16
,int32
, ordouble
.
Supported Data Types
Port  Supported Data Types 

Input 

Output 

References
[1] Anderson, John B., Tor Aulin, and CarlErik Sundberg. Digital Phase Modulation. New York: Plenum Press, 1986.
Extended Capabilities
Version History
Introduced before R2006a