# What is the difference between Gram-Smith QR decomposition procedure and qr.m function in Matlab?

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Osama Al-Shalali 2020년 9월 28일
댓글: Christine Tobler 2020년 10월 22일
Hi everyone!
I want to know what is the differnce between the Gram-Smith procedure and qr.m function in matlab. Why there is a fourth coulmn resulting from using qr.m function? The photo is attached for the Gram-Smith procedure .Any help will be so appreciated.
The code is
A=[1 -2 -1; 2 0 1; 2 -4 2;4 0 0];
[Q,R] = qr(A)
The result is
Q =
-0.2000 0.4000 0.8000 -0.4000
-0.4000 -0.2000 -0.4000 -0.8000
-0.4000 0.8000 -0.4000 0.2000
-0.8000 -0.4000 0.2000 0.4000
R =
-5.0000 2.0000 -1.0000
0 -4.0000 1.0000
0 0 -2.0000
0 0 0

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### 채택된 답변

Christine Tobler 2020년 9월 28일
MATLAB's QR decomposition is computed using Householder transformations, which is generally more numerically advantageous.
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Christine Tobler 2020년 10월 22일
Good point, det(R) will only tell you the absolute value of the original matrix, otherwise you would have to construct the complete Q matrix to compute the sign of its determinant.

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