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Finding different length pulses

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David Jones
David Jones 2020년 9월 18일
댓글: Star Strider 2020년 9월 21일
Hi
I have attached a screen shot of some pulses with diiferent lenghts my question is what is the best way clean these up and show them.
Thank You
David

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Star Strider
Star Strider 2020년 9월 18일
Note that ‘clean them up’ is ever so slightly ambiguous.
Assuming that the objective is to remove some of what might be considered ‘noise’, first calculate the Fourier transform of the signal, then using that information to determine where the ‘noise’ frequencies begin, design a lowpass filter to remove the undesirable higher frequencies. (For all of these, the sam;ing intervals must be constant. If it is not, use the resample function to interpolate them to a constant sampling frequency first.)
The Fourier transform is straightforward (assuming ‘x’ is the signal vector):
Fs = ... ; % Sampling Frequency (Hz)
Fn = Fs/2; % Nyquist Frequency (Hz)
L = numel(x); % ‘x’ Is A Vector
xm = mean(x);
xfft = fft(x - xm)/L; % Subtract Mean & Normalise By ‘L’
Fv = linspace(0, 1, fix(L/2)+1)*Fn; % Frequency Vector
Iv = 1:numel(Fv); % Index Vector
figure
plot(Fv, abs(xfft(Iv))*2)
grid
xlabel('Frequency (Hz)')
ylabel('Magnitude')
With that information, use the lowpass function to design the filter, or use command-line arguments in a script to design your own filter. This is straightforward with the Signal Propcessing Toolbox functions.
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Star Strider
Star Strider 2020년 9월 20일
My pleasure!
Thank you.
Essentially all digital signal processing requires that the signals be regularly sampled (constant sampling intervals). If your signal already has a uniform sampling rate (all sampling intervals are the same), then you do not need to use the resample funciton. If they are not, there is no guarantee that the results of any signal processing action will be in any way correct.
The resample function interpolates signals with varying sample times to signals with constant sampling times, allowing normal signal processing procedures to be applied to the resampled signals. (It actually does more than interpolate, since it also uses an anti-aliasing filter to remove spurious signals that might result from the resampling process, the resason that it is superior to interp1 for signal processing purposes.)

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David Jones
David Jones 2020년 9월 21일
Excellent
Thank you
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Star Strider
Star Strider 2020년 9월 21일
As always, my pleasure!

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