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MATLAB: solving a 2nd order ODE which has a parameter which evolves in time

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Hi, I'm trying to solve the equation: y'' + k(t)y = 0 where k(t) is an array of values and y(0) = 1/2 and y'(0) = 1 in the range t = 0 to 20.
I understand it is possible to solve this as 2 coupled first order differential equations using ode45 as follows when k is constant:
k = 2
syms y(t)
[System] = odeToVectorField(diff(y, 2) == -(k).*y);
M = matlabFunction(System,'vars', {'t','Y'});
sol = ode45(M,[0 20],[1/2 1]);
fplot(@(x)deval(sol,x,1), [0, 20])
Please will you help me introduce the dependance on t of k(t), thanks!

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darova
darova 24 Feb 2020
  • Please will you help me introduce the dependance on t of k(t), thanks!
Can you be more specific? What is it? Where is dependance?

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Star Strider
Star Strider 24 Feb 2020
Try this:
syms k(t) y(t) % Declare ‘k(t)’ Here
[System,Subs] = odeToVectorField(diff(y, 2) == -(k).*y); % Note ‘k(t)’ Included In Code
M = matlabFunction(System,'vars', {'t','Y'})
kv = rand(1,20); % ‘k’ Vector
tv = linspace(0, 20, numel(kv)); % Time Vector Matching ‘k’
k = @(t) interp1(tv, kv, t, 'linear', 'extrap'); % Function Interpolating ‘k’ To Specific Time
M = @(t,Y)[Y(2);-k(t).*Y(1)]; % Output Of 'matlabFunction’ (Needs To Be Copied, And Pasted In The Code After The 'k' Function Is Defined)
[T,Y] = ode45(M,[0 20],[1/2 1]);
figure
plot(T, Y)
grid
xlabel('T')
ylabel('Amplitude')
legend(string(Subs))
Use your own ‘kv’ vector. The rest of the code should adapt to it, whatever it is.

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Star Strider
Star Strider 24 Feb 2020
@J. Alex Lee —
... where k(t) is an array of values ...
So your idea is not appropriate here.
J. Alex Lee
J. Alex Lee 24 Feb 2020
oops guess i need help with reading skills. i saw a similar question before, where "k(t)" in the function sense was being confused with "k(t)" in the index sense. Hope this isn't one of those cases and one really needs the discretized time-dependence.

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